Bo-kui Xiao

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Salicylate, a common drug frequently used long term in the clinic, is well known for causing reversible hearing loss and tinnitus. Our previous study, however, demonstrated that chronic administration of salicylate progressively raised the amplitude of distortion product of otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), which are mainly caused by (outer hair cell) OHC(More)
Auditory transduction in the cochlear is subject to modulate higher auditory centers in the brain via the efferent systems, which provide protection against damage caused by excessive excitation during auditory over stimulation. GABA is a proven inhibitory neurotransmitter in the efferent systems in mammalian cochlear. KCC2 is a neuron-specific potassium(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the changes of GABA and GABAergic neurons in rat inferior colliculus following unilateral cochlear damage and explore the function and significance of GABA in reorganization of auditory center after deafferentation. METHOD Twenty sprague dawley rats were divided into four groups randomly. The technique of direct anti-GABA(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has an important anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory function, and its expression is negatively correlated with the development and severity of allergic rhinitis (AR). However, the in vivo effects of exogenous IL-10 on AR have not been studied and the mechanisms underlying the effects of IL-10 have not been fully understood. Here,(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a common malignant tumor in the head and neck. Because of frequent recurrence and distant metastasis which are the main causes of death, better treatment is needed. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a natural phytochemical found in the vegetables of the cruciferous family, shows anticancer effect through various signal pathways. I3C(More)
TERT is the main functional unit of telomerase, which maintains telomere length and chromosome structure stability. TERT has been shown to act as a key factor in various biological processes, such as cell proliferation, via uncharacter-ized mechanisms. We transfected HEp-2 laryngeal carcinoma cells with a TERT overexpressing adenovirus (Ad-TERT) and TERT(More)
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is primarily caused by a T helper cell (Th)1/Th2 imbalance. In a murine AR model of a previous study, the serum ovalbumin (OVA)-sIgE concentration was high, whereas microRNA (miR)-135a was lowly expressed in the nasal mucosa. The abnormal expression pattern of miR-135a coincided with highly expressed endogenous factors, including GATA(More)
Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a conventional proinflammatory cytokine that plays a role in tumor progression by inducing inflammation in the tumor microenvironment. However, the role of IL-23 in thyroid cancer migration and invasion remains unclear. In the present study, we observed that the treatment with IL-23, induced migration and invasion in human thyroid(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the distribution of gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) ergic neurons in rats cochlear nuclei (CN) in pre-and post-operation of unilateral cochlea ablation. METHOD The technique of direct anti-GABA immunocytochemistry (SP) was used in this study. RESULT The GABAergic neurons existed extensively in cochlear nuclei(CN). The number was more,(More)
Regional metastasis is an important prognostic factor for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Neuromedin U (Nmu) is a secreted neuropeptide, named due to its potent uterine contraction‑inducing activity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the significance of Nmu in the regional metastasis of HNSCC. The characteristics of(More)