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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the archetypal multipotent progenitor cells derived in cultures of developed organs, are of unknown identity and native distribution. We have prospectively identified perivascular cells, principally pericytes, in multiple human organs including skeletal muscle, pancreas, adipose tissue, and placenta, on CD146, NG2, and(More)
We document anatomic, molecular and developmental relationships between endothelial and myogenic cells within human skeletal muscle. Cells coexpressing myogenic and endothelial cell markers (CD56, CD34, CD144) were identified by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. These myoendothelial cells regenerate myofibers in the injured skeletal muscle of severe(More)
Transitional cells represent a crucial step in the differentiation and selection of the mature B cell compartment. Human transitional B cells have previously been variably identified based on the high level of expression of CD10, CD24, and CD38 relative to mature B cell populations and are expanded in the peripheral blood following rituximab-induced B(More)
Human memory B cells comprise isotype-switched and nonswitched cells with both subsets displaying somatic hypermutation. In addition to somatic hypermutation, CD27 expression has also been considered a universal memory B cell marker. We describe a new population of memory B cells containing isotype-switched (IgG and IgA) and IgM-only cells and lacking(More)
In contrast with the model Escherichia coli Clp protease, the ATP-dependent Clp protease in higher plants has a remarkably diverse proteolytic core consisting of multiple ClpP and ClpR paralogs, presumably arranged within a dual heptameric ring structure. Using antisense lines for the nucleus-encoded ClpP subunit, ClpP6, we show that the Arabidopsis(More)
A total of 222 urinary Escherichia coli isolates from 20 tertiary hospitals in 15 different provinces and 4 municipalities in mainland China were characterized by antimicrobial susceptibility, phylogrouping, and the presence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes. A subset of 138 suspected extended-spectrum cephalosporinase (ESC) producers were(More)
Human, rat, and mouse studies have demonstrated the existence of a population of adipose-derived adult stem (ADAS) cells that can undergo multilineage differentiation in vitro. However, it remains unclear whether these cells maintain their multilineage potential in vivo. The aim of this study was to examine the in vitro and in vivo characteristics and(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent data suggest that the reconstituting peripheral B cell compartment after B cell depletion therapy may be functionally immature, with a preponderance of transitional B cells and a paucity of memory B cells. This study was undertaken to determine the magnitude, duration, and cause of these defects in rituximab-treated systemic lupus(More)
The long-term immunologic effects of B cell depletion with rituximab and the characteristics of the reconstituting B cell pool in lymphoma patients are not well defined, despite the widespread usage of this therapy. Here we report that during the B cell reconstitution phase a majority of the peripheral blood B cells have an immature transitional phenotype(More)
Muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) can differentiate into multiple lineages, including haematopoietic lineages. However, it is unknown whether MDSCs preserve their myogenic potential after differentiation into other lineages. To address this issue, we isolated from dystrophic muscle a population of MDSCs that express stem-cell markers and can differentiate(More)