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Reflecting the tremendous advances that have taken place in the study of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic from 1988 to the present, this book not only details the theoretical advances in these areas, but considers a...
Detecting hedges and their scope in natural language text is very important for information inference. In this paper, we present a system based on a cascade method for the CoNLL-2010 shared task. The system composes of two components: one for detecting hedges and another one for detecting their scope. For detecting hedges, we build a cascade subsystem.… (More)
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is a powerful matrix decomposition technique that approximates a nonnegative matrix by the product of two low-rank nonnegative matrix factors. It has been widely applied to signal processing, computer vision, and data mining. Traditional NMF solvers include the multiplicative update rule (MUR), the projected gradient… (More)
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) has become a popular dimension-reduction method and has been widely applied to image processing and pattern recognition problems. However, conventional NMF learning methods require the entire dataset to reside in the memory and thus cannot be applied to large-scale or streaming datasets. In this paper, we propose an… (More)
Given a set of sparsely distributed sensors in the Euclidean plane, a mobile robot is required to visit all sensors to download the data and finally return to its base. The effective range of each sensor is specified by a disk, and the robot must at least reach the boundary to start communication. The primary goal of optimization in this scenario is to… (More)
Fungi in the genus Malassezia are ubiquitous skin residents of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Malassezia are involved in disorders including dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis, which together affect >50% of humans. Despite the importance of Malassezia in common skin diseases, remarkably little is known at the molecular level. We describe the genome,… (More)
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) has become a popular data-representation method and has been widely used in image processing and pattern-recognition problems. This is because the learned bases can be interpreted as a natural parts-based representation of data and this interpretation is consistent with the psychological intuition of combining parts to… (More)
A comprehensive set of experiments was conducted with a continuous EDA on 25 test problems provided in the real-parameter optimization special session. It is expected that the results presented here could be used to gain some deeper understanding of the performance of the EDA as well as facilitate the comparison across different algorithms.
Intragenic copy-number variants (CNVs) contribute to the allelic spectrum of both Mendelian and complex disorders. Although pathogenic deletions and duplications in SPAST (mutations in which cause autosomal-dominant spastic paraplegia 4 [SPG4]) have been described, their origins and molecular consequences remain obscure. We mapped breakpoint junctions of 54… (More)