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Due to the limitation of single-level classification, existing fusion techniques experience difficulty in improving the performance of language identification when the number of languages and features are further increased. Given that the similarity of feature distribution between different languages may vary, we propose a novel hierarchical language(More)
Cognitive load variations have been found to impact multimodal behaviour, in particular, features of spoken input. In this paper, we present a design and implementation of a user study aimed at soliciting natural speech at three different levels of cognitive load. Some of the speech data produced was then used to train a number of models to automatically(More)
A novel approach of combining cepstral features and prosodic features in language identification is presented in this paper. This combination approach shows a significant improvement on a GMM-UBM based language identification (LID) system which utilizes modern shifted delta cepstrum (SDC) and feature warping techniques. The proposed system achieves a high(More)
High cognitive load arises from complex time and safety-critical tasks, for example, mapping out flight paths, monitoring traffic, or even managing nuclear reactors, causing stress, errors, and lowered performance. Over the last five years, our research has focused on using the multimodal interaction paradigm to detect fluctuations in cognitive load in user(More)
—Nowadays computing resources can be acquired from IaaS cloud providers in different purchasing options. Taking Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) for instance, there are three purchasing models, and each option has different price and yields different benefit to clients. The issue that we address in this paper is how cloud users could make a provisioning(More)
Neuroinflammation plays an important role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) has been reported to be involved in the inflammatory response of many central nervous system diseases. However, the role of P2X7Rs in transient global cerebral I/R injury remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of(More)
As part of their preparation, athletes are often required to complete cognitive skills training using targeted sports-specific software applications. When cognitive load is very high, the quality of performance can be negatively affected and learning can be inhibited. The aim of this study is to verify whether cognitive load can be inferred directly from(More)