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Cognitive load variations have been found to impact multimodal behaviour, in particular, features of spoken input. In this paper, we present a design and implementation of a user study aimed at soliciting natural speech at three different levels of cognitive load. Some of the speech data produced was then used to train a number of models to automatically(More)
The community structure and diversity of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria in the surface sediments of equatorial Pacific were investigated by phylogenic analysis of 16S rRNA and hydrazine oxidoreductase (hzo) genes and PCoA (principal coordinates analysis) statistical analysis. Results indicated that 16S rRNA and hzo sequences in the P2 (off(More)
Neuroinflammation plays an important role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) has been reported to be involved in the inflammatory response of many central nervous system diseases. However, the role of P2X7Rs in transient global cerebral I/R injury remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of(More)
The objective of this study was to screen for novel quorum-sensing inhibitors (QSIs) from traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) that inhibit bacterial biofilm formation. Six of 46 active components found in TCMs were identified as putative QSIs based on molecular docking studies. Of these, three compounds inhibited biofilm formation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) catalyzes the oxidation of aldehydes to carboxylic acids. Cyanobacterium Synechococcus contains one ALDH enzyme (Sp2771), together with a novel 2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase, to complete a non-canonical tricarboxylic acid cycle. However, the molecular mechanisms for substrate selection and cofactor preference by Sp2771 are(More)
Nitrilases are enzymes widely expressed in prokaryotes and eukaryotes that utilize a Cys–Glu–Lys catalytic triad to hydrolyze non-peptide carbon–nitrogen bonds. Nitrilase from Syechocystis sp. Strain PCC6803 (Nit6803) shows hydrolysis activity towards a broad substrate spectrum, ranging from mononitriles to dinitriles and from aromatic nitriles to aliphatic(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the features of pathologically confirmed gliosarcomas using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the cross-sectional CT and MR images of 54 patients (37 males and 17 females; mean age, 44.5 years; range, 13-74 years) with gliosarcomas confirmed by histopathology. (More)
The aim of this study was to test the sensitivity and specificity of diffusion-weighted MRI for the detection of acute spinal cord injury. Forty female New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: the mild, moderate and severe injury groups, and the control (sham operation) group. Contusion of the spinal cord was induced using a(More)