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BACKGROUND The MYC protein controls cellular functions such as differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. In response to genotoxic agents, cells overexpressing MYC undergo apoptosis. However, the MYC-regulated effectors acting upstream of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway are still unknown. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, we demonstrate that(More)
PURPOSE To investigate DNA fragmentation as a function of linear energy transfer (LET) after exposure to accelerated ions in the LET range 40-225 keV/microm. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fragmentation patterns of double-stranded DNA in the range 5 kilobasepairs (kbp) to 5.7 megabasepairs (Mbp) were analysed after irradiation of low-passage GM 5758 normal human(More)
To investigate the repair of clustered lesions within the DNA/chromatin, the focus formation and persistence of foci of the phosphorylated histone protein H2AX and the repair protein MRE11 were studied in normal cells and in cells lacking DNA-PKcs (M059J) or ATM (GM2052D) after irradiation with high-LET nitrogen ions or low-LET photons. There was a rapid(More)
The cell surface proteins CD133, CD24 and CD44 are putative markers for cancer stem cell populations in colon cancer, associated with aggressive cancer types and poor prognosis. It is important to understand how these markers may predict treatment outcomes, determined by factors such as radioresistance. The scope of this study was to assess the connection(More)
The cytolethal distending toxins (CDTs) are unique in their ability to induce DNA damage, activate checkpoint responses and cause cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in intoxicated cells. However, little is known about their cellular internalization pathway. We demonstrate that binding of the Haemophilus ducreyi CDT (HdCDT) on the plasma membrane of sensitive(More)
PURPOSE To compare the difference in relative biological effectiveness (RBE) between (10)B ions and a (60)Co gamma-ray beam for human melanoma cells using in vitro cell survival based on a clonogenic assay. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cells were irradiated in vitro under aerobic conditions with (60)Co and (10)B ions with different linear energy transfer (LET)(More)
In our environment, mammals (including humans) are exposed to various types of ionizing radiation and both persistent and non-persistent toxic chemicals. It is known that ionizing radiation, as well as methyl mercury, can induce neurotoxicological and neurobehavioural effects in mammals. These developmental neurotoxic effects can be seen following exposure(More)
Radical formation in polycrystalline lithium formate monohydrate after irradiation with gamma rays, protons and nitrogen ions at room temperature was studied by continuous-wave electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The linear energy transfer (LET) of the various radiation beams was 0.2, 0.7-3.9 and 110-164 keV/microm for gamma rays, protons(More)
Ionizing radiation induces prompt single-strand breaks and double-strand breaks in DNA. In addition, labile sites are induced that can be converted to breaks by heat or mild alkali. When such labile lesions are present within multiply damaged sites, additional double-strand breaks can form. Current protocols for measurement of DNA double-strand breaks(More)
PURPOSE This short review summarizes the data obtained with various techniques for measuring the yields of double strand breaks (dsb) produced by particle radiations of differing linear energy transfer (LET) in order to obtain relative biological effectiveness (RBE) values. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS Studies aimed at understanding the interactions of(More)