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Since its identification in April 2009, an A(H1N1) virus containing a unique combination of gene segments from both North American and Eurasian swine lineages has continued to circulate in humans. The lack of similarity between the 2009 A(H1N1) virus and its nearest relatives indicates that its gene segments have been circulating undetected for an extended(More)
Trunk girdling can increase carbohydrate content above the girdling site and is an important strategy for inhibiting new shoot growth to promote flowering in cultivated litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). However, girdling inhibits carbohydrate transport to the root in nearly all of the fruit development periods and consequently decreases root absorption. The(More)
We determined the phosphate (P) uptake, substrate P concentration, phytase activity, acid phosphatase activity and expression of three predicted secreted purple acid phosphatase genes (PAPs) from trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata L. Raf) through Glomus versiforme and phytin treatments to evaluate phytate-phosphorus utilization promoted by arbuscular(More)
BACKGROUND Pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza virus has been identified as the cause of a widespread outbreak of febrile respiratory infection in the USA and worldwide. We summarised cases of infection with pandemic H1N1 virus in pregnant women identified in the USA during the first month of the present outbreak, and deaths associated with this virus during the(More)
Zoonotic infections with swine influenza A viruses are reported sporadically. Triple reassortant swine influenza viruses have been isolated from pigs in the United States since 1998. We report a human case of upper respiratory illness associated with swine influenza A (H1N1) triple reassortant virus infection that occurred during 2005 following exposure to(More)
E2F6, a potent transcriptional repressor, plays important roles in cell cycle regulation. However, roles of E2F6 in hypoxia-induced apoptosis are unknown. Here, we demonstrated biological functions of E2F6 in hypoxia-induced apoptosis and regulatory pathways. During hypoxia (CoCl(2), 800 microM)-induced human embryonic kidney 293 cell apoptosis, E2F6(More)
During July-December 2011, a variant virus, influenza A(H3N2)v, caused 12 human cases of influenza. The virus contained genes originating from swine, avian, and human viruses, including the M gene from influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus. Influenza A(H3N2)v viruses were antigenically distinct from seasonal influenza viruses and similar to proposed vaccine virus(More)
We propose an image-based approach for virtual clothes fitting, in which a user moves freely in front of a virtual mirror (i.e., video screen) that displays the user wearing a superimposed virtual garment. The motions and deformations of the virtual garment are synthesized by tracking the user's skeleton and utilizing corresponding video clips of the actual(More)
BACKGROUND In late April 2009, the first documented 2009 pandemic influenza A (pH1N1) virus infection outbreak in a university setting occurred in Delaware, with large numbers of students presenting with respiratory illness. At the time of this investigation, little was known about the severity of illness, effectiveness of the vaccine, or transmission(More)
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 viruses have caused dramatic economic losses to the poultry industry of Vietnam and continue to pose a serious threat to public health. As of June 2008, Vietnam had reported nearly one third of worldwide laboratory confirmed human H5N1 infections. To better understand the emergence, spread and evolution of H5N1(More)