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Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against Puumala (PUU) virus, the aetiological agent of nephropathia epidemica, were produced by fusing activated spleen cells from a bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus) with the mouse myeloma cell line SP2/0. This novel approach, utilizing the natural vector of PUU virus for hybridoma production, proved to be highly efficient,(More)
Two hantavirus strains, MF43 and MF113, isolated from Microtus fortis trapped in the Khabarovsk region of far-eastern Russia, were analysed by direct nucleotide sequencing of PCR generated fragments of the M and S segments, by immunofluorescence and by focus reduction neutralization tests (FRNT). The nucleotide sequences revealed that the two isolates were(More)
Hantavirus infection was diagnosed serologically by mu-capture IgM and IgG ELISAs in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) patients admitted to Tuzla Hospital, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The results indicated that more than one hantavirus caused the outbreak. To address the question of which hantavirus serotypes were involved, sequentially drawn sera were(More)
An outbreak of Ockelbo disease, a syndrome with rash, arthralgia and moderate fever reactions, which occurred in Sweden 1982 is described. A virus, designated Edsbyn 5/82, isolated from mosquitoes and closely related to Sindbis virus (Togaviridae: Alphavirus) is the probable etiologic agent. Sixty-five patients with typical clinical manifestations of the(More)
Ljungan virus (LV) is a suspected human pathogen recently isolated from bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus). In the present study, it is revealed through comparative sequence analysis that three newly determined Swedish LV genomes are closely related and possess a deviant picornavirus-like organization: 5' untranslated(More)
Bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus) monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the two envelope glycoproteins (G 1 and G 2) of the Puumala (PUU) virus were generated and characterized. Analyses of the MAbs' antigen and epitope specificities showed non-overlapping reactivities of one anti-G 1 and two anti-G 2 MAbs. A significant neutralizing activity was shown by(More)
Antigenic relationships between seven hantaviruses isolated in Sweden, Belgium, Korea, European U.S.S.R. and Asian U.S.S.R. were studied by radioimmunoprecipitation assays (RIPA) and indirect immunofluorescence tests (IFT). Animal immune sera and haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) patient sera from the above countries were used. The strains fell(More)
A comprehensive study of nephropathia epidemica (NE), caused by Puumala virus, was conducted in Sweden. Human sera from residents of various regions of Sweden were examined for antibody to Puumala virus, and the incidence of NE was determined. Small mammals were captured at locations throughout Sweden and were examined for antibody to Puumala virus and for(More)
This paper reports the establishment of a model for hantavirus host adaptation. Wild-type (wt) (bank vole-passaged) and Vero E6 cell-cultured variants of Puumala virus strain Kazan were analyzed for their virologic and genetic properties. The wt variant was well adapted for reproduction in bank voles but not in cell culture, while the Vero E6 strains(More)