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Ginsenoside Rg3, one of the major ingredients of heat-processed ginseng, has been reported to inhibit the growth of various cancer cells. We previously reported that Rg3 inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of breast cancer (MDA-MB-231) cells. In the present study, we have explored the mechanism underlying the anti-proliferative and(More)
BACKGROUND Rg3, a major ginsenoside derived from heat-processed ginseng, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities. In our previous studies, Rg3 inhibited phorbol ester-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and NF-κB activation in cultured human mammary epithelial (MCF-10A) cells and in mouse skin in vivo. In this study, we(More)
Recently, substantial attention has been focused on the association between obesity and chronic inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity induces the activation of the IL-1 type I receptor (IL-1RI)-mediated inflammatory signaling cascade in the skeletal muscle of mice. Male C57BL/6J mice were(More)
Changes in the metabolite profiles of Lactobacillus sakei and its growth media, based on different culture times (0, 6, 12, and 24 h), were investigated using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (MS) and liquid chromatography-MS with partial least squares discriminant analysis, in order to understand the growth characteristics of this organism. Cell and(More)
We investigated the metabolite profile of soybean sprouts at 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4days after germination using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-MS (LC-MS) to understand the relationship between germination and nutritional quality. Data were analyzed by partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and sprout samples(More)
The effects of purified salt (PS) and mineral-rich sea salt (MRS), both with different mineral profiles, on kimchi fermentation were studied using a culture-dependent 16S rRNA sequencing technique and mass-based metabolomic analysis. The different mineral profiles in the fermentation medium caused changes in the bacterial profiles of the 2 kimchi products.(More)
A new series comprising phenylacetyl‑homoserine lactones (HSL), caffeoyl-HSL and feruloyl-HSL was biologically synthesized using an artificial de novo biosynthetic pathway. We develop an Escherichia coli system containing an artificial biosynthetic pathway that yields phenylacetyl‑HSLs from simple carbon sources. These artificial biosynthetic pathways(More)
In the present report, the effects of blanching, steaming, and high temperature/high pressure processing (HTHP) on the amino acid contents of commonly consumed Korean root vegetables, leaf vegetables, and pulses were evaluated using an Automatic Amino Acid Analyzer. The total amino acid content of the samples tested was between 3.38 g/100 g dry weight (DW)(More)
FtsZ, a bacterial cell-division protein, is an attractive antibacterial target. In the screening for an inhibitor of Staphylococcus aureus FtsZ, madurahydroxylactone (1) and its related derivatives 2-5 were isolated from Nonomuraea sp. AN1000570. Compound 1 inhibited S. aureus FtsZ with an IC50 of 53.4 µM and showed a potent antibacterial activity against(More)
Menthol has a considerable cooling effect, but the use range of menthol is limited because of its extremely low solubility in water and inherent flavor. (−)-Menthol β-glucoside was determined to be more soluble in water (>27 times) than (−)-menthol α-glucoside; hence, β-anomer-selective glucosylation of menthol is necessary. The in vitro glycosylation of(More)
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