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This investigation describes the expression and interindividual variability in transcript levels of multiple drug efflux systems in the human jejunum and compares the expression profiles in these cells with that of the commonly used Caco-2 cell drug absorption model. Transcript levels of ten-drug efflux proteins of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter(More)
Cancers have dysfunctional redox regulation resulting in reactive oxygen species production, damaging both DNA and free dNTPs. The MTH1 protein sanitizes oxidized dNTP pools to prevent incorporation of damaged bases during DNA replication. Although MTH1 is non-essential in normal cells, we show that cancer cells require MTH1 activity to avoid incorporation(More)
Rapid bacterial typing is a valuable and necessary tool in the prevention and detection of outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to adapt a multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) for analysis on a benchtop capillary electrophoresis instrument and compare the modified assay with multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for typing(More)
About one-third of oestrogen receptor alpha-positive breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen relapse. Here we identify the nuclear receptor retinoic acid receptor alpha as a marker of tamoxifen resistance. Using quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics, we show that retinoic acid receptor alpha protein networks and levels differ in a(More)
The effects of dietary exposure to 0.125% (w/w) p-chlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid or 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the content of peroxisomes and levels of certain xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in mouse liver have been investigated. In agreement with the literature on rat liver 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and(More)
Prenalterol, previously characterized as a functionally cardioselective partial beta-adrenoceptor agonist, was shown to relax K+ -elicited contractures in the uterine muscle from progesterone pretreated rats (pD2 7.7) and to increase beating rate in the rat right atrium (pD2 8.0) at about the same concentrations with maximal effects corresponding to 94 and(More)
The class Alpha glutathione S-transferase (GST) subunit A5 is expressed in the livers of young male and female rats. After sexual maturation, this protein is no longer detectable in the livers of male rats, but is still expressed in female rats. We have previously demonstrated that the sexually dimorphic secretion of growth hormone regulates the levels of(More)
Male C57Bl/6 mice were treated for 5 days with 0.05% perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in their diet. This treatment resulted in a potent induction of peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation in the liver. In order to investigate recovery from treatment with PFOA, mice were given normal laboratory chow for up to 20 days after termination of PFOA administration. It(More)
PURPOSE To examine growth in unilaterally lensectomized newborn rabbits. SETTING S:t Erik Eye Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. METHODS Unilateral lensectomy was performed in 18 randomly selected 23-day-old rabbits. Corneal incision was performed in 2 other rabbits, and the aqueous humor was replaced with balanced salt solution in one(More)