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Recent studies suggest that the second extracellular loop (o2 loop) of bovine rhodopsin and other class I G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) targeted by biogenic amine ligands folds deeply into the transmembrane receptor core where the binding of cis-retinal and biogenic amine ligands is known to occur. In the past, the potential role of the o2 loop in(More)
X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (XNDI) is a severe kidney disease caused by inactivating mutations in the V2 vasopressin receptor (V2R) gene that result in the loss of renal urine-concentrating ability. At present,no specific pharmacological therapy has been developed for XNDI, primarily due to the lack of suitable animal models. To develop what we(More)
One of the hallmarks of type 2 diabetes is that pancreatic beta cells fail to release sufficient amounts of insulin in the presence of elevated blood glucose levels. Insulin secretion is modulated by many hormones and neurotransmitters including acetylcholine, the major neurotransmitter of the peripheral parasympathetic nervous system. The physiological(More)
OBJECTIVE Tooth autotransplantation is a useful surgical method to replace a nonrestorable tooth. We reported our experiences in the replacement of mandibular nonrestorable molars by immediate autotransplantation in a Chinese population. STUDY DESIGN Thirty-five mandibular third molars with open or closed apices from 34 patients were autotransplanted into(More)
G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise one of the largest protein families found in nature. Here we describe a new experimental strategy that allows rapid identification of functionally critical amino acids in the rat M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R), a prototypic class I GPCR. This approach involves low-frequency random mutagenesis of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Radiotherapy has a central role in the treatment of lung cancer. However, its effectiveness is often limited, in part, because of the defects in key apoptosis regulators, such as Bcl-2 family members, that contribute to cancer ability to evade apoptosis. In this study, we tested AT-101, a pan-Bcl-2 inhibitor, as a potential radiosensitizer in(More)
The human P2Y1 receptor was expressed in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain MPY578q5, which is engineered to couple to mammalian G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and requires agonist-induced activation for growth. A range of known P2Y1 receptor agonists were examined with the yeast growth assay system, and the results were validated by comparing(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To evaluate whether continuous hemihepatic inflow occlusion (HHO) during hepatectomy can be safer than and be as effective as intermittent total hepatic inflow occlusion (THO) in reducing blood loss. METHODOLOGY Eighty patients undergoing liver resections were included in a prospective randomized study comparing the intra- and(More)
The M3 muscarinic receptor is a prototypical member of the class I family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). To facilitate studies on the structural mechanisms governing M3 receptor activation, we generated an M3 receptor-expressing yeast strain (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) that requires agonist-dependent M3 receptor activation for cell growth. By using(More)
The authors assessed changes in the health status of US 1991 Gulf War-era veterans from a 1995 baseline survey to a 2005 follow-up survey, using repeated measurement data from 5,469 deployed Gulf War veterans and 3,353 nondeployed Gulf War-era veterans who participated in both surveys. Prevalence differences in health status between the 2 surveys were(More)