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Myocardial infarction leads to loss of tissue and impairment of cardiac performance. The remaining myocytes are unable to reconstitute the necrotic tissue, and the post-infarcted heart deteriorates with time. Injury to a target organ is sensed by distant stem cells, which migrate to the site of damage and undergo alternate stem cell differentiation; these(More)
Despite many attempts to improve the management of acute myocardial infarction, only small trends to shorter time intervals before treatment have been reported. The self-care solution developed by the European EPI-MEDICS project (2001-2004) is a novel, very affordable, easy-to-use, portable, and intelligent Personal ECG Monitor (PEM) for the early detection(More)
1. Visually driven single-unit activity was recorded in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) of the anaesthetized cat while inactivating or stimulating the corticofugal feedback from area 17/18 by means of cortical cooling or application of GABA (inactivation), or application of glutamate or quisqualate (Glu, Quis; stimulation) to layer VI. 2.(More)
This work concerns electrostatic properties of an ionic solution with multiple ionic species of possibly different ionic sizes. Such properties are described by the minimization of an electrostatic free-energy functional of ionic concentrations. Bounds are obtained for ionic concentrations with low electrostatic free energies. Such bounds are used to show(More)
The most important product of the sequencing of a genome is a complete, accurate catalogue of genes and their products, primarily messenger RNA transcripts and their cognate proteins. Such a catalogue cannot be constructed by computational annotation alone; it requires experimental validation on a genome scale. Using 'exon' and 'tiling' arrays fabricated by(More)
Fucoidan refers to a type of polysaccharide which contains substantial percentages of L-fucose and sulfate ester groups, mainly derived from brown seaweed. For the past decade fucoidan has been extensively studied due to its numerous interesting biological activities. Recently the search for new drugs has raised interest in fucoidans. In the past few years,(More)
In this study, the effect of cGMP on the dihydropyridine-sensitive (L-type) Ca2+ current was investigated using the whole cell version of the patch-clamp technique in rat pinealocytes. Dibutyryl-cGMP (1 x 10(-4) M) induced a pronounced inhibition of the L-type Ca2+ channel current. The dibutyryl-cGMP effect was concentration dependent. Elevation of cGMP by(More)
1. Simultaneous recordings of the EEG and the visual activity of cat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) relay cells were analysed for covariance. Sliding time-window analyses were performed in parallel for the EEG power spectrum and single unit visual activity. The EEG power ratio (EEG-PR) of low (1-8 Hz) to high (20-40 Hz) frequencies was chosen to(More)
Visual motion perception is one of the most prominent functions performed by the mammalian cerebral cortex. The moving images are commonly considered to be processed in two stages. The first-stage neurons are sensitive to the motion of one-dimensional orientated components, and their outputs are combined at the second stage to perceive the global motion of(More)
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity and oxidative damage are believed to play an important role in the development of a number of central nerve system disorders. Nuclear-factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a master transcriptional regulator of many cytoprotective genes. We report herein that 5,6-dihydrocyclopenta-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (CPDT), which(More)