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Killer Ig-like receptor (KIR) genes constitute a multigene family whose genomic diversity is achieved through differences in gene content and allelic polymorphism. KIR haplotypes containing a single activating KIR gene (A-haplotypes), and KIR haplotypes with multiple activating receptor genes (B-haplotypes) have been described. We report the evaluation of(More)
Recent genetic studies have established that the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genomic region displays extensive diversity through variation in gene content and allelic polymorphism within individual KIR genes. It is demonstrated by family segregation analysis, genomic sequencing, and gene order determination that genomic diversity by gene(More)
We have determined the structure of cDNA and two genomic genes encoding steroid 21-hydroxylase [21-OHase; steroid 21-monooxygenase; steroid, hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating); EC 1.14.99.10]. If this cytochrome P-450 enzyme is defective, cortisol cannot be synthesized, resulting in congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The cDNA encoding this(More)
Two genes encoding steroid 21-hydroxylase [21-OHase; steroid 21-monooxygenase; steroid, hydrogen-donor: oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating); EC 1.14.99.10], a cytochrome P-450 enzyme, have been located within the HLA major histocompatibility complex. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-OHase deficiency is a common inherited disorder of cortisol(More)
A review of representative cases of invasive aspergillosis was conducted to describe current treatment practices and outcomes. Eighty-nine physicians experienced with aspergillosis completed case forms on 595 patients with proven or probable invasive aspergillosis diagnosed using modifications of the Mycoses Study Group criteria. Pulmonary disease was(More)
Inhibitory killer immunoglobulin (Ig)-like receptors (KIRs) recognize HLA-C and -B epitopes on target cells, thereby regulating natural killer (NK) cell activity. In 178 patients receiving T-cell-depleted HLA-identical sibling transplants for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), or(More)
The HLA-Aw19 complex consists of a number of serologically cross-reactive Ag (i.e., A29, A30, A31, A32, and Aw33) which exhibit an epitope shared by HLA-B and -C proteins. To investigate the structural basis for these serologic cross-reactivities, we have cloned and determined the nucleotide sequences for A30, A31, and Aw33, and compared the predicted amino(More)
Three patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) received transplants of HLA haplotype-mismatched parental bone marrow depleted of T lymphocytes by differential agglutination with soybean agglutinin (SBA) and subsequent E-rosette depletion. Two patients achieved durable engraftment with reconstitution of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity.(More)
Killer cell inhibitory receptors (KIR) belong to the immunoglobulin superfamily of molecules and are expressed on natural killer (NK) cells. The KIRs of the p58/p50 family have two immunoglobulin domains and are ligands for HLA-Cw antigens, whereas the p70/p70 delta family has three immunoglobulin domains and comprises ligands for HLA-B antigens and(More)