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In strongly correlated oxides, heterointerfaces, manipulating the interaction, frustration, and discontinuity of lattice, charge, orbital, and spin degrees of freedom, generate new possibilities for next generation devices. In this study, existing oxide heterostructures are examined and local conduction at the BiFeO(3)-CoFe(2)O(4) vertical interface is(More)
In this study, direct observation of the evolution of electronic structures across complex oxide interfaces has been revealed in the LaAlO(3)/SrTiO(3) model system using cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. The conduction and valence band structures across the LaAlO(3)/SrTiO(3) interface are spatially resolved at the atomic level(More)
In complex, correlated oxides, heterointerfaces have emerged as key focal points of current condensed matter science. [ 1–3 ] For ferroic oxides, in order to minimize the total energy, domain walls emerge as natural interfaces. Multiferroic materials show a wealth of controllable multiple ferroic order through stress, optical excitation, electric, or(More)
Modulation of band bending at a complex oxide heterointerface by a ferroelectric layer is demonstrated. The as-grown polarization (Pup ) leads to charge depletion and consequently low conduction. Switching the polarization direction (Pdown ) results in charge accumulation and enhances the conduction at the interface. The metal-insulator transition at a(More)
Dopants play a critical role in modulating the electric properties of semiconducting materials, ranging from bulk to nanoscale semiconductors, nanowires, and quantum dots. The application of traditional doping methods developed for bulk materials involves additional considerations for nanoscale semiconductors because of the influence of surfaces and(More)
The bottom-up synthesis of nanoscale building blocks is a versatile approach for the formation of a vast array of materials with controlled structures and compositions. This approach is one of the main driving forces for the immense progress in materials science and nanotechnology witnessed over the past few decades. Despite the overwhelming advances in the(More)
Using cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscope (XSTM) with samples cleaved in situ in an ultrahigh vacuum chamber, this study demonstrates the direct visualization of high-resolution interfacial band mapping images across the film thickness in an optimized bulk heterojunction polymer solar cell consisting of nanoscale phase segregated blends of(More)
Interfacial science has received much attention recently based on the development of state-of-the-art analytical tools that can create and manipulate the charge, spin, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom at interfaces. Motivated by the importance of nanoscale interfacial science that governs device operation, we present a technique to probe the(More)
A novel artificially created MnO2 monolayer system is demonstrated in atomically controlled epitaxial perovskite heterostructures. With careful design of different electrostatic boundary conditions, a magnetic transition as well as a metal-insulator transition of the MnO2 monolayer is unveiled, providing a fundamental understanding of(More)
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