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BACKGROUND Motivational Interviewing is a well-known, scientifically tested method of counselling clients developed by Miller and Rollnick and viewed as a useful intervention strategy in the treatment of lifestyle problems and disease. AIM To evaluate the effectiveness of motivational interviewing in different areas of disease and to identify factors(More)
Hypertension is a leading attributable risk factor for mortality in South Asia. However, a systematic review on prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in the region of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) has not carried out before.The study was conducted according to the Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with hypertension are primarily treated in general practice. However, major studies of patients with hypertension are rarely based on populations from primary care. Knowledge of blood pressure (BP) control rates in patients with diabetes and/or cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), who have additional comorbidities, is lacking. We aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND Motivational interviewing has been shown to be broadly usable in a scientific setting in the management of behavioural problems and diseases. However, data concerning implementation and aspects regarding the use of motivational interviewing in general practice is missing. AIM To evaluate GPs' conception of motivational interviewing in terms of(More)
This contribution, part of an EU-Concerted Action on the genetics of hearing impairment (H.E.A.R.), describes the preliminary estimated prevalence of hereditary hearing impairment based on retrospective data from a clinical series. Of 27,692 subjects examined in the period 1987-91, we sampled 1265 suffering from unilateral or bilateral hereditary hearing(More)
OBJECTIVE. "Motivational interviewing" (MI) has shown to be broadly applicable in the management of behavioural problems and diseases. Only a few studies have evaluated the effect of MI on type 2 diabetes treatment and none has explored the effect of MI on target-driven intensive treatment. METHODS. Patients were cluster-randomized by GPs, who were(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between mental health status after first-time myocardial infarction (MI) and new cardiovascular events or death, taking into account depression and anxiety as well as clinical, sociodemographic and behavioural risk factors. DESIGN Population-based cohort study based on questionnaires and nationwide registries. Mental(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether training GPs in motivational interviewing (MI) can improve type 2 diabetic patients' (1) understanding of diabetes, (2) beliefs regarding prevention and treatment, and (3) motivation for behaviour change. METHODS A randomized controlled trial including 65 GPs and 265 type 2 diabetic patients. The GPs were randomized in two(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with an increased risk of anxiety, depression, low quality of life, and all-cause mortality. Whether MI is associated with an increased risk of suicide is unknown. We examined the association between MI and suicide. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a population-based case-control study by retrieving data(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the number of frequent attenders (FA) contacts with the out-of-hours service can be reduced by deploying a combination of intervention strategies. DESIGN A stratified cluster randomized controlled trial, each cluster containing a general practice and all its listed patients. SETTING The out-of-hours service in the county(More)