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OBJECTIVES To estimate the incidence of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) hyperechoic lesions and of hyperechoic prostate cancer in TRUS-guided biopsy specimens. METHODS We prospectively studied 200 patients with total prostate-specific antigen values less than 20 ng/mL and/or positive results on digital rectal examination who had undergone TRUS-guided(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian leiomyoma is a rare benign tumor that accounts for 0.5 to 1% of all benign ovarian tumors. It probably arises from smooth muscle cells in the ovarian hilar blood vessels but there are other possible origins including cells in the ovarian ligament, smooth muscle cells or multipotential cells in the ovarian stroma, undifferentiated germ(More)
Nonneoplastic tumor-like lesions ("pseudotumors") of the pancreas include cystic and noncystic varieties. We report on a solid and cystic tumor-like lesion of the pancreas that occurred in 2 adult patients. The lesions, located in the head and neck of the gland, respectively, were well demarcated and composed of cystic ductal structures embedded in focally(More)
Some renal epithelial neoplasms, such as renal angiomyoadenomatous tumor, clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma with smooth muscle stroma, contain a variably prominent smooth muscle stromal component. Whether or not this leiomyomatous stroma is part of the neoplastic proliferation has not been firmly established. We studied the(More)
In most pathology laboratories worldwide, formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples are the only tissue specimens available for routine diagnostics. Although commercial kits for diagnostic molecular pathology testing are becoming available, most of the current diagnostic tests are laboratory-based assays. Thus, there is a need for standardized(More)
The immunocytochemical distribution of the neuronal form of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) was compared with neuropathological changes and with cell death related DNA damage (as revealed by in situ end labeling, ISEL) in the hippocampal formation and entorhinal cortex of 12 age-matched control subjects and 12 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Unlike(More)
Werdnig-Hoffmann disease (WHD) is the most severe clinical type of spinal muscular atrophy characterized by loss of lower motor neurons and paralysis. We examined the hypothesis that disease pathogenesis is based on an inappropriate persistence of normally occurring motor neuron programmed cell death. The diagnosis of WHD was made on the basis of clinical(More)
Surgical biopsy files for the period 1991-92 were reviewed to determine the relative proportion and types of epithelial hyperplastic lesions of the larynx as well as sex and age distribution and correlation between clinical and histopathological diagnoses. In this period 203 laryngeal biopsies from 187 patients were analyzed. Epithelial hyperplastic lesions(More)
Proto-oncogenes, growth factors/receptors, and tumour suppressor genes were analysed in malignant metastatic insulinomas. Normal pancreas showed only a moderate immunoreaction for c-myc proto-oncogene and a strong reaction for insulin. Benign insulinomas were slightly or moderately positive for transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha), weakly positive(More)
We have analyzed all available data including birth certificates, maternity records, pediatric records, and pathology reports of spontaneous and induced abortions and newborn deaths to determine the frequency of congenital anomalies of the central nervous system. We found 76 infants (34 males, 39 females and 3 of undetermined sex) with CNS anomalies during(More)