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The terminal dipeptide, D-Ala-D-Ala, of the peptidoglycan precursor UDPMurNAc-pentapetide is a crucial building block involved in peptidoglycan cross-linking. It is synthesized in the bacterial cytoplasm by the enzyme d-alanine:d-alanine ligase (Ddl). Structure-based virtual screening of the NCI diversity set of almost 2000 compounds was performed with a(More)
Generalization of an earlier algorithm has led to the development of new local structural alignment algorithms for prediction of protein-protein binding sites. The algorithms use maximum cliques on protein graphs to define structurally similar protein regions. The search for structural neighbors in the new algorithms has been extended to all the proteins in(More)
D-Alanine:D-alanine ligase (Ddl), an intracellular bacterial enzyme essential for cell wall biosynthesis, is an attractive target for development of novel antimicrobial drugs. This study focused on an extensive evaluation of two families of Ddl inhibitors encountered in our previous research. New members of both families were obtained through similarity(More)
A protocol was developed for the computational determination of the contribution of interfacial amino acid residues to the free energy of protein-protein binding. Thermodynamic integration, based on molecular dynamics simulation in CHARMM, was used to determine the free energy associated with single point mutations to glycine in a protein-protein interface.(More)
D-Alanine:D-alanine ligase (Ddl) is an essential ATP-dependent bacterial enzyme involved in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Discovery of Ddl inhibitors not competitive with ATP has proven to be difficult because the Ddl bimolecular d-alanine binding pocket is very restricted, as is accessibility to the active site for larger molecules in the catalytically(More)
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