Blanka Brůnová

Learn More
Under normal conditions, the cornea absorbs the majority of UVB (ultraviolet B, 280-320 nm) rays, which is very important for the protection of the inner eye against their damaging effect. Our previous studies have shown that repeated irradiation of the rabbit cornea with UVB rays for 5 days (daily dose of 1.01 J cm(- 2)) caused photokeratitis accompanied(More)
PURPOSE Exposure of the cornea to UV radiation from sunlight evokes intraocular inflammation, photokeratitis. Photokeratitis is caused by UVB radiation. It is accompanied by changes of corneal hydration and light absorption. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of two UVB doses on corneal optics in rabbits and to compare these UVB doses with the(More)
Until now, the expression and possible role of nitric oxide and nitrogen related oxidants in the human dry eye have not been investigated. Therefore, we examined immunohistochemically nitric oxide synthase isomers (NOS), enzymes generated nitric oxide, nitrotyrosine, a cytotoxic byproduct of nitric oxide and malondialdehyde, a byproduct of lipid(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of trabeculotomy employing probes with curvatures more closely corresponding to variable course of Schlemm's canal. METHODS Forty-six children with primary congenital glaucoma who underwent trabeculotomy with newly designed probes between 1990 and 1998 were evaluated retrospectively. One set of the newly designed instruments(More)
Previous studies have described elevated lipid peroxidase, myeloperoxidase and xanthine oxidoreductase/xanthine oxidase levels on the ocular surface of patients suffering from autoimmune dry eye (Sjögren's syndrome, SS). Reactive oxygen species generated by various enzymatic systems may be dangerous to the eye if they are not sufficiently cleaved by(More)
Solar UVB radiation evokes photokeratitis, accompanied by increased corneal hydration and changes in corneal transparency, resulting in increased light absorption. Corneal optical properties are disturbed and visual acuity decreased. The aim of this study was to investigate the reversibility of these UVB-induced changes. Rabbit corneas were irradiated with(More)
Autoimmune dry eye (Sjögren's syndrome, SS) is a chronic systemic disease characterized by salivary and lacrimal gland inflammation and tissue damage leading to keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia. In this review attention has been devoted to the cause of the development of oxidative injuries of the ocular surface of patients suffering from SS. It was(More)
Ozone depletion leads to an increase in UV rays of solar radiation reaching the surface of the Earth which is harmful to biological systems. Of the eye, the cornea is directly open to increased amount of UV rays of which mainly UVB rays are capable to induce reactive oxygen species damaging the cells. Previous studies showed that the irradiation of the(More)
The aim of the present paper was to examine the irradiation effect of two doses of UVA rays (365 nm) on the rabbit cornea and lens. Corneas of anesthetized adult albino rabbits were irradiated with UVA rays for 5 days (daily dose 1.01 J cm(-2) in one group of rabbits and daily dose 2.02 J cm(-2) in the second group of animals). The third day after the last(More)
PURPOSE Normal corneal hydration is necessary for the maintenance of corneal transparency. Damage of the corneal epithelium or endothelium by various external influences disturbs the mechanism by which the cornea maintains normal hydration and transparency. The cornea swells, and the corneal thickness increases, resulting in increased scatter and the(More)