Blanca Rodríguez

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Abnormalities in repolarization and its rate dependence are known to be related to increased proarrhythmic risk. A number of repolarization-related electrophysiological properties are commonly used as preclinical biomarkers of arrhythmic risk. However, the variability and complexity of repolarization mechanisms make the use of cellular biomarkers to predict(More)
Cellular and ionic causes of variability in the electrophysiological activity of hearts from individuals of the same species are unknown. However, improved understanding of this variability is key to enable prediction of the response of specific hearts to disease and therapies. Limitations of current mathematical modeling and experimental techniques hamper(More)
Enhanced temporal and spatial variability in cardiac repolarization has been related to increased arrhythmic risk both clinically and experimentally. Causes and modulators of variability in repolarization and their implications in arrhythmogenesis are however not well understood. At the ionic level, the slow component of the delayed rectifier potassium(More)
Fluorescent photon scattering is known to distort optical recordings of cardiac transmembrane potentials; however, this process is not well quantified, hampering interpretation of experimental data. This study presents a novel model, which accurately synthesizes fluorescent recordings over the irregular geometry of the rabbit ventricles. Using the model,(More)
Cardiac modelling is the area of physiome modelling where the available simulation software is perhaps most mature, and it therefore provides an excellent starting point for considering the software requirements for the wider physiome community. In this paper, we will begin by introducing some of the most advanced existing software packages for simulating(More)
The function of the ventricular specialized conduction system in the heart is to ensure the coordinated electrical activation of the ventricles. It is therefore critical to the overall function of the heart, and has also been implicated as an important player in various diseases, including lethal ventricular arrhythmias such as ventricular fibrillation and(More)
This paper presents methods to build histo-anatomically detailed individualized cardiac models. The models are based on high-resolution three-dimensional anatomical and/or diffusion tensor magnetic resonance images, combined with serial histological sectioning data, and are used to investigate individualized cardiac function. The current state of the art is(More)
Myocardial ischemia is one of the main causes of sudden cardiac death, with 80% of victims suffering from coronary heart disease. In acute myocardial ischemia, the obstruction of coronary flow leads to the interruption of oxygen flow, glucose, and washout in the affected tissue. Cellular metabolism is impaired and severe electrophysiological changes in(More)
Protracted QT interval (QTI) adaptation to abrupt heart rate (HR) changes has been identified as a clinical arrhythmic risk marker. This study investigates the ionic mechanisms of QTI rate adaptation and its relationship to arrhythmic risk. Computer simulations and experimental recordings in human and canine ventricular tissue were used to investigate the(More)