Blanca Ramírez-Ruíz

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BACKGROUND Parkinson disease with dementia (PDD) results from neuropathological changes in cortical and subcortical brain regions. Voxel-based morphometric analysis of magnetic resonance images can contribute to in vivo identification of the cerebral regions predominantly involved in PDD. OBJECTIVE To identify structural cerebral regions most closely(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the course of cognitive deficits and the regional progression of brain atrophy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) with and without visual hallucinations (VH). METHODS The authors performed MRI and neuropsychological assessment at entry to the study and at follow-up (mean+/-SD=29.91+/-5.74 months) in a sample of initially(More)
To determine magnetic resonance imaging patterns of gray matter (GM) atrophy underlying visuospatial and visuoperceptual impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD), we applied voxel-based morphometry to 36 nondemented PD patients and correlated their whole brain GM density with performance on three visuospatial and visuoperceptual tests. In addition, group(More)
Visual Hallucinations (VH) are among the core features of Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB), but are also very frequent in demented patients with Parkinson's Disease (PDD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the pattern of gray matter and cognitive impairment underlying VH in DLB and PDD. We applied voxel-based morphometry and behavioral assessment(More)
We studied regional gray matter density in the hippocampus in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. We obtained magnetic resonance scans in 44 PD patients (PD patients with dementia (PDD) = 9, non-demented PD patients with visual hallucinations (PD + VH) = 16, and PD patients without dementia and without visual hallucinations (PD - VH) = 19) and 56 controls(More)
Recent neuropathological and neuroimaging studies suggest the involvement of several temporal regions in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with visual hallucinations (VH). We examined 24 nondemented PD patients with VH, 21 PD patients without VH, and 21 healthy controls using a battery of tests assessing different aspects of temporal lobe function. PD(More)
Although visual hallucinations (VH) are relatively frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, their neural substrates are only known from neuropathological and functional magnetic resonance studies. The aim of this study was to investigate possible structural brain changes on MRI in non-demented PD patients with VH using voxel-based morphometry.(More)
Neuropathological studies show the hippocampus is affected in Parkinson's disease (PD), with the second subfield of the cornu armonis (CA2) being the most involved. Our aims were to assess in vivo volumes of different hippocampal subfields in patients with PD with and without visual hallucinations using MRI and test their association with verbal learning(More)
Verbal fluency tests are often used to assess cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease. These tests have been found to be impaired even in initial stages of this illness. We applied voxel-based morphometry to investigate the neuroanatomic substrates of semantic and phonemic fluency impairment. Correlations between gray matter density and semantic as(More)
Visual hallucinations (VH) in Parkinson's disease (PD) have been associated with gray matter reductions in visual associative areas and with abnormal patterns of brain activation in posterior and frontal regions. However, all previous fMRI studies have used simple visual stimuli. The objective of our study was, therefore, to compare the pattern of brain(More)