Blake M Rankin

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Raman spectroscopy is combined with multivariate curve resolution to quantify interactions between ions and molecular hydrophobic groups in water. The molecular solutes in this study all have similar structures, with a trimethyl hydrophobic domain and a polar or charged headgroup. Our results imply that aqueous sodium and fluoride ions are strongly expelled(More)
Guilty as charged: Water is often modeled as a dielectric continuum, but the molecular structure of water is asymmetric. Two ions that have a virtually identical size, shape, and structure, but an opposite charge sign have been investigated to see whether charge makes a fundamental difference to water structuring. The spectroscopic data for the hydration(More)
Specific ion effects can influence many processes in aqueous solutions: protein folding, enzyme activity, self-assembly, and interface stabilization. Ionic amphiphiles are known to stabilize the oil/water interface, presumably by dipping their hydrophobic tails into the oil phase while sticking their hydrophilic head groups in water. However, we find that(More)
We have previously shown abnormalities of haemostasis suggestive of intravascular coagulation in patients with malignant hypertension, a condition associated with retinopathy and renal fibrin deposition. To determine whether such abnormalities are specific to malignant hypertension, we have measured several haemostatic and haemorheological variables in 18(More)
Despite the ubiquity and utility of micelles self-assembled from aqueous surfactants, longstanding questions remain regarding their surface structure and interior hydration. Here we combine Raman spectroscopy with multivariate curve resolution (Raman-MCR) to probe the hydrophobic hydration of surfactants with various aliphatic chain lengths, and either(More)
Interactions between halide ions (fluoride and iodide) and t-butyl alcohol (TBA) dissolved in water are probed using a recently developed hydration-shell spectroscopic technique and theoretical cluster and liquid calculations. High ignal-to-noise Raman spectroscopic measurements are combined with multivariate curve resolution (Raman-MCR) to reveal that(More)
Given the importance of water-mediated hydrophobic interactions in a wide range of biological and synthetic self-assembly processes, it is remarkable that both the sign and the magnitude of the hydrophobic interactions between simple amphiphiles, such as alcohols, remain unresolved. To address this question, we have performed Raman hydration-shell(More)
The unique structural, dynamical and chemical properties of air/water and oil/water interfaces are thought to play a key role in various biological, geological and environmental processes. For example, non-hydrogen-bonded ('dangling') OH groups--which create surface defects in water's hydrogen bonding network and are experimentally detected at both(More)
Water plays an important role in mediating hydrophobic interactions, and yet open questions remain regarding the magnitude, and even the sign, of water-mediated contributions to the potential of mean force between a pair of oily molecules dissolved in water. Here, the water-mediated interaction between 2-butoxyethanol (BE) molecules dissolved in water is(More)
Molecular aggregation equilibria are described using finite lattice and mean field theoretical modeling strategies, both built upon a random mixture reference system. The resulting predictions are compared with each other for systems in which each aggregate consists of a central solute molecule whose first coordination shell can accommodate multiple bound(More)