Blake Lee Neubauer

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PURPOSE The AKT/PKB kinase controls many of the intracellular processes that are dysregulated in human cancer, including the suppression of apoptosis and anoikis and the induction of cell cycle progression. Three isoforms of AKT have been identified: AKT-1, -2, and -3. Selective up-regulation of AKT-3 RNA expression has been reported in hormone-independent(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease that can cleave insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP3), thereby decreasing its affinity for insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Dissociation of the IGF-I-IGFBP3 complex renders IGF-I available to bind to its receptor and stimulates cellular proliferation. We evaluated the(More)
PURPOSE Arachidonate release contributes to prostate tumor progression as arachidonate is metabolized into prostaglandins and leukotrienes, potent mediators of immune suppression, cellular proliferation, tumor motility, and invasion. The group IIa sPLA2 (sPLA2-IIa) can facilitate arachidonate release from cellular phospholipids. We therefore sought to(More)
Trioxifene (LY133314) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) with competitive binding activity against estradiol for estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and antagonistic activity against ERalpha-mediated gene expression. The PAIII rat prostatic adenocarcinoma (PCa) is an androgen receptor-negative, ERalpha- and ERbeta-positive, spontaneously(More)
The conversion of testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) has been demonstrated to be catalysed by at least two isoforms of human steroid 5 alpha-reductase, designated types I and II. Type II 5 alpha-reductase expression predominates in human accessory sex tissues, localized to the fibromuscular stromal compartment. The type I isoform predominates in(More)
Type I and type II steroid 5alpha-reductases (5alpha-R) catalyze the conversion of testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). LY320236 is a benzoquinolinone (BQ) that inhibits 5alpha-R activity in human scalp skin (Ki(typeI)=28.7+/-1.87 nM) and prostatic homogenates (Ki(typeII)=10.6+/-4.5 nM). Lineweaver-Burk, Dixon, and non-linear analysis methods were(More)
Prostatic zonal heterogeneity as a factor influencing urogenital smooth muscle contractile mechanisms was evaluated in the dorsal, lateral, and ventral lobes of the sexually mature rat. Additionally, using the ventral lobe, we assessed the role of the prostatic capsule to determine its contribution to tissue contractility. Smooth muscle contractile(More)
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