Blake Lee Neubauer

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Tissue recombinants of embryonic urogenital sinus mesenchyme (UGM) and epithelium of the urinary bladder (urothelium, BLE) of adult rats and mice were grown for 3-30 d in male syngeneic hosts. Short-term in vivo growth indicated that prostatic morphogenesis is initiated as focal outgrowths from the basal aspect of the adult urothelium. The solid epithelial(More)
The G1 restriction point is critical for regulating the cell cycle and is controlled by the Rb pathway (CDK4/6-cyclin D1-Rb-p16/ink4a). This pathway is important because of its inactivation in a majority of human tumors. Transition through the restriction point requires phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (Rb) by CDK4/6, which are highly validated(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease that can cleave insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP3), thereby decreasing its affinity for insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Dissociation of the IGF-I-IGFBP3 complex renders IGF-I available to bind to its receptor and stimulates cellular proliferation. We evaluated the(More)
Adult bladder epithelium (BLE) is induced to differentiate into glandular epithelium after association with urogenital sinus mesenchyme (UGM) and subsequent in vivo growth in syngeneic male hosts. Alteration of epithelial cytodifferentiation is associated with the expression of prostate-specific antigens, histochemical and steroid metabolic activities.(More)
Trioxifene (LY133314) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) with competitive binding activity against estradiol for estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and antagonistic activity against ERalpha-mediated gene expression. The PAIII rat prostatic adenocarcinoma (PCa) is an androgen receptor-negative, ERalpha- and ERbeta-positive, spontaneously(More)
The conversion of testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) has been demonstrated to be catalysed by at least two isoforms of human steroid 5 alpha-reductase, designated types I and II. Type II 5 alpha-reductase expression predominates in human accessory sex tissues, localized to the fibromuscular stromal compartment. The type I isoform predominates in(More)
Type I and type II steroid 5alpha-reductases (5alpha-R) catalyze the conversion of testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). LY320236 is a benzoquinolinone (BQ) that inhibits 5alpha-R activity in human scalp skin (Ki(typeI)=28.7+/-1.87 nM) and prostatic homogenates (Ki(typeII)=10.6+/-4.5 nM). Lineweaver-Burk, Dixon, and non-linear analysis methods were(More)
Prostatic zonal heterogeneity as a factor influencing urogenital smooth muscle contractile mechanisms was evaluated in the dorsal, lateral, and ventral lobes of the sexually mature rat. Additionally, using the ventral lobe, we assessed the role of the prostatic capsule to determine its contribution to tissue contractility. Smooth muscle contractile(More)
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