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Adult owl and squirrel monkeys were trained to master a small-object retrieval sensorimotor skill. Behavioral observations along with positive changes in the cortical area 3b representations of specific skin surfaces implicated specific glabrous finger inputs as important contributors to skill acquisition. The area 3b zones over which behaviorally important(More)
A study was undertaken to investigate the response of the rodent somatosensory barrel cortex to single-whisker, near-threshold vibrissal stimuli. Cortical responses to controlled whisker deflections were recorded by (i) conventional multi-unit extracellular recording within the cytochrome oxidase rich barrels centers and the interbarrel septa, and (ii)(More)
Several groups have described using intrinsic optical imaging to form images of activity patterns in the cortex. Because the signal is small, the general approach has been to use expensive camera equipment with a high dynamic range to make these measurements. However, by using signal averaging to compensate for lower dynamic range, images can be obtained(More)
The complexity of biological membranes has motivated the development of a wide variety of simpler model systems whose size, geometry, and composition can be tailored with great precision. Approaches highlighted in this review are illustrated in Figure 1 including vesicles, supported bilayers, and hybrid membrane systems. These have been used to study(More)
A study was undertaken to investigate the response of the rodent somatosensory barrel cortex to paired-whisker stimuli. Cortical responses to controlled whisker deflections were recorded by (i) conventional multi-unit extracellular recording within the cytochrome oxidase rich barrels centers, and (ii) intrinsic signal optical imaging, a technique that(More)
The inferior olivary complex (I.O.C.) of the guinea pig can be divided into three primary subdivisions: the principal olive (PO), the medial accessory olive (MAO), and the dorsal accessory olive (DAO). In Nissl-stained preparations, the PO possessed darker staining cells than did the MAO and DAO and was the most densely populated with cells. All neuronal(More)
One technique for studying the cortex entails mapping the distribution of neuronal response properties across a cortical zone. In sensory cortex, 'receptive fields' are arranged in an orderly way such that they form a topographical representation, or 'map', of the sensory surface on the cortex. Detailed maps can be constructed by making many microelectrode(More)
EXP is a Macintosh program for doing quantitative neurophysiology. It supports signal design, simultaneous signal output and data collection, spike sorting, histogram production, and many other analysis features. The hierarchical structure used to design protocols provides a straightforward method for designing complex experiments. The degree of automation(More)
Research has shown that preservice teachers participating in traditional student teaching programs tend to focus on classroom management, with very little focus on student mathematical thinking. The student teaching program at BYU has been redesigned in the hopes of shifting the focus of student teachers away from classroom management toward student(More)
Fear of dental procedures deters many individuals with mental retardation from accepting dental treatment. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of two procedures, in vivo desensitization and video modeling, for increasing compliance with dental procedures in participants with severe or profound mental retardation. Desensitization increased(More)
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