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OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of multiple treatment modalities for the management of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) patients. BACKGROUND Current management strategies of CSDHs remain widely controversial. Treatment options vary from medical therapy and bedside procedures to major operative techniques. METHODS We searched MEDLINE (PubMed(More)
IMPORTANCE Endovascular intervention for acute ischemic stroke improves revascularization. But trials examining endovascular therapy yielded variable functional outcomes, and the effect of endovascular intervention among subgroups needs better definition. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between endovascular mechanical thrombectomy and clinical(More)
OBJECT Information pertaining to the natural history of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (ISCCMs) and patient outcomes after surgery is scarce. To evaluate factors associated with favorable outcomes for patients with surgically and conservatively managed ISCCMs, the authors performed a systematic review and metaanalysis of the literature.(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of evidence-based medicine has been well documented and supported across various surgical subspecialties. OBJECTIVE To quantify the levels of evidence across publications in the neurosurgical literature, to assess the change in evidence over time, and to indicate predictive factors of higher-level evidence. METHODS We reviewed(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical spine clearance protocols are controversial for unconscious patients after blunt traumatic injury and negative findings on computed tomography (CT). PURPOSE To review evidence about the utility of different cervical spine clearance protocols in excluding significant cervical spine injury after negative CT results in obtunded adults(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal extent of surgical resection (EOR) of high-grade gliomas (HGGs) remains uncertain in the elderly given the unclear benefits and potentially higher rates of mortality and morbidity associated with more extensive degrees of resection. METHODS We undertook a meta-analysis according to a predefined protocol and systematically searched(More)
BACKGROUND After an initial computed tomography (CT) scan revealing intracranial hemorrhage resulting from traumatic brain injury, a standard of care in many trauma centers is to schedule a repeat CT scan to rule out possible progression of bleed. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the utility of routine follow-up CT in changing the management of mild head injury(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past decade, the concepts of evidence-based medicine have become commonplace in surgery. The authors aimed to categorize level of evidence in the aesthetic surgical literature over three intervals during a 10-year period, and to compare this to other surgical specialties. The authors also aimed to assess the quality and predictor factors(More)
BACKGROUND Given the large number of publications in all fields of practice, it is essential that clinicians focus on the resources that provide the highest level of evidence (LOE). We sought to determine the LOE that exists in the field of pediatrics, present in the general pediatric as well as high impact clinical literature. METHODS Clinical pediatric(More)
BACKGROUND Internationally, plastic surgery societies have placed an increasing emphasis on the importance of evidence-based medicine. The authors aimed to categorize levels of evidence of podium presentations at three major North American plastic surgical meetings, and to assess the factors associated with a higher level evidence. METHODS Presentations(More)