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Current understanding of blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) fMRI physiology predicts a close relationship between BOLD signal and blood hematocrit level. However, neither this relationship nor its effect on BOLD percent activation (BPA) has been empirically examined in man. To that end, BPA in primary visual cortex in response to photic stimulation(More)
A rapid, in-plane image registration algorithm that accurately estimates and corrects for rotational and translational motion is described. This automated, one-pass method achieves its computational efficiency by decoupling the estimation of rotation and translation, allowing the application of rapid cross-correlation and cross-spectrum techniques for the(More)
Attentional bias for drug-related stimuli, as measured by emotional Stroop (ES) tasks, is predictive of treatment outcomes for tobacco smoking and other abused drugs. Characterizing relationships between smoking-related attentional bias and brain reactivity to smoking images may help in identifying neural substrates critical to relapse vulnerability. To(More)
A proton MR spectral editing technique employing a spatially localized, double-quantum filter (DQF) was used to measure gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the human brain at 1.5 T. The double-quantum method provided robust, single-shot suppression of uncoupled resonances from choline, creatine, and NAA and allowed detection of the gamma CH2 GABA (3.0 ppm)(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies of depressed adults have shown abnormalities in cerebral energy metabolism, as noted by low brain levels of nucleoside triphosphate (NTP), which primarily represents adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This study was undertaken to determine whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) measures of the low-field purine resonance, which(More)
PURPOSE Prior proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies have consistently reported decreased brain n-acetyl aspartate (NAA) levels and increased myo-inositol (mI) levels in subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD) relative to healthy comparison subjects. These studies have usually been conducted in small and homogeneous populations of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Alterations in choline and myo-inositol metabolism have been noted in bipolar disorder, and the therapeutic efficacy of lithium in mania may be related to these effects. We wished to determine the relationship between anterior cingulate cortex choline and myo-inositol levels, assessed using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI),(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical impressions and preclinical work suggest that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) might be associated with dysfunctional reward processing. To pursue this issue, we administered a validated passive-viewing monetary reward task during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to subjects with chronic PTSD and to mentally healthy(More)
Patients who suffer from dissociative identity disorder present unique scientific and clinical challenges for psychology and psychiatry. We have been fortunate in working with a patient who-while undergoing functional MRI-can switch rapidly and voluntarily between her main personality (a middle-aged, high-functioning woman) and an alternate personality (a(More)
Studies imposing rigorous control over lifetime alcohol intake have usually not found smaller hippocampal volumes in persons with posttraumatic stress disorder. Because the majority of negative studies have used adolescent samples, it has been suggested that chronicity is a necessary condition for such findings. To test the hypothesis that a smaller(More)