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Single-motor-unit activity was recorded from flexor carpi radialis of two human subjects. 2. A large number of units showed repetitive doublets at the onset of slow recruitment. A unit starting with doublets would transfer to a normal firing pattern as the force increased. 3. At different speeds of ramp contractions, the number of doublets discharging at(More)
Single motor unit and gross surface electromyographic responses to torque motor-produced wrist extensions were studied in human flexor carpi radialis muscle. Surface EMG typically showed two "periods" of reflex activity, at a short and long latency following stretch, but both periods occurring before a subject's voluntary reaction to the stretch. The(More)
UNLABELLED Numerous methods have been pursued to evaluate function in central motor pathways during surgery in the anesthetized patient. At this time, no standard has emerged, possibly because each of the methods described to date requires some degree of compromise and/or lacks sensitivity. OBJECT The goal of this study was to develop and evaluate a(More)
We examined Hoffmann (H) and tendon (T) reflexes in 3 populations of adult subjects: acute SCI (< 2 weeks post injury), controls, and chronic SCI (> 1 year post injury). We further investigated the effects of continuous tendon vibration and different stimulus rates on the size of evoked H reflexes in these subject populations. All reflex amplitudes were(More)
1. Transcranial cortical stimuli (TCCS) were used to elicit motor responses in contralateral wrist flexor and extensor muscles of healthy adult subjects. The motor responses were assessed by surface EMG recordings, by needle recordings of single motor-unit discharges, and by measurements of wrist twitch force. Our main aim was to analyze the single-unit(More)
We investigated a pattern of involuntary lower extremity stepping-like movements which recently appeared in a subject with a 17-year history of neurologically incomplete injury to the cervical spinal cord. The movements were rhythmic, alternating and forceful, involved all muscles of the lower extremities and could be reliably evoked by lying the subject(More)
STUDY DESIGN Combined prospective and retrospective. OBJECTIVE Evaluate 2 published criteria for interpreting motor-evoked potentials (MEP) in response to repetitive transcranial electrical stimulation (rTES) during surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There is controversy regarding how to interpret MEPs elicited by rTES. Many centers warn the surgical(More)
The order of recruitment of flexor carpi radialis (FCR) motor units was studied during voluntary and reflexive activation of the motoneuron pool for two adult subjects. During slow "voluntary" activation, the recruitment threshold for tonic motoneuron firing was determined, and then the twitch profile of the motor unit was computed by the spike-triggered(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether a microneurography electrode could record from and then selectively stimulate the same afferent fiber in cat sural and tibial nerves. Fiber activity was recorded distally with microneurography needle electrodes and proximally with hook electrodes. Records from the hook electrodes allowed the waveform shape(More)