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To assess the validity and clinical utility of the marital inventory ENRICH, a discriminant validity study was conducted using a national sample of 5039 married couples. The sample was randomly split in order to form a cross-validation group. ENRICH is a multidimensional scale and two types of analysis were conducted to assess the value of these various(More)
This study identified five distinct types of married couples from a sample of 6,267 couples, using the marital inventory ENRICH. Profiles were derived using a three-stage cluster analytic procedure, including an exploratory cluster analysis, a replication of the exploratory results, and a crossvalidation. The five-cluster solution was robust. “Vitalized”(More)
Recent studies have shown that group differences in marital stability and satisfaction can be predicted based on premarital relationship quality. There is also a growing literature indicating that there are distinct types of relationships, both premarital and developmentally over time. This study examined the relationship between the four premarital types(More)
Denial is an important aspect of recovery from cardiac trauma. It has been associated with reduced anxiety, better initial physical and psychological outcomes, decreased retention of information about the illness, and decreased treatment compliance. Although interview methods for assessing denial have been available for some time, they present both(More)
The social, intellectual, and moral movement known as multiculturalism has been enormously influential in psychology. Its ability to reshape psychology has been due to its ethical force, which derives from the attractiveness of its aims of inclusion, social justice, and mutual respect. The cultivation of cultural competence, presented as a developmental(More)
A sample of 71 cardiac patients was assessed using the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales (Wallston, Wallston, & DeVellis, 1978) and a measure of outcome expectancies specific to cardiac recovery. Variables included life stress, chronicity of the heart disease, and the level of symptoms reported. Appraisals of control were unrelated to(More)
Individualism and sexism have been identified as important and problematic biases in psychotherapy. The extent to which psychologists use individualist values differentially in their responses to clinical case vignettes describing men and women was examined. Two samples of practicing psychologists (N=229) responded to 14 clinical vignettes by choosing(More)
The common tendency to describe one's marriage in unrealistic terms has been conceptualized as a positive illusion about marriage. Studies of positive illusions have relied on the logical argument that these perceptions are unreasonably positive. This reasoning is insufficient, because previous studies have relied on volunteer samples with high marital(More)