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A previously described monoclonal antibody (MAb)-based competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) was modified to optimize performance, and the assay was validated in various defined cattle populations for detection of serum antibody to Neospora caninum, a major cause of bovine abortion. Modifications to the cELISA included capturing(More)
A 22-month-old girl presented with neck pain and stiffness and magnetic resonance imaging showed an extradural mass extending from C2 through the C4 level with moderate to severe compression of the cord. A left unilateral C2-C4 laminectomy was performed revealing an extradural rubbery tumor; a small biopsy was obtained. Examination of stained tissue(More)
Neospora caninum, an apicomplexan parasite closely related to Toxoplasma gondii, causes abortion, stillbirths, and congenital neurologic disease in multiple animal species. The present study focuses on the development of encephalitis and intracerebral parasite load that occurs 6 wk postinfection (PI). Utilizing BALB/c, C57BL/6, and B10.D2 mice, an initial(More)
The routine diagnosis of Neospora caninum abortion is based upon histopathologic changes in fetal tissues and identification of tissue parasites by immunohistochemistry. Confirmation of N. caninum infection by immunohistochemistry has low sensitivity. In the present study, we examined the utility of PCR in detecting N. caninum infection in fetal tissues(More)
Neospora caninum, a protozoan parasite closely related to Toxoplasma gondii, causes abortion and congenital infection in cattle. To investigate specific methods of antemortem diagnosis, the antibody responses of infected cows were evaluated by immunoblot assay and competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CI-ELISA) by using a monoclonal(More)
The type of immune response required to protect mice against clinical disease during acute Neospora caninum challenge was investigated in BALB/c mice. Groups of female BALB/c mice were infected i.p. with N. caninum tachyzoites concomitant with either: (1) antibody to interferon-gamma; (2) recombinant murine interleukin-12; or (3) recombinant murine(More)
The collection, handling, identification, and reporting of ectoparasitic arthropods in clinical and reference diagnostic laboratories are discussed in this review. Included are data on ticks, mites, lice, fleas, myiasis-causing flies, and bed bugs. The public health importance of these organisms is briefly discussed. The focus is on the morphological(More)
The fate of oocysts of Cryptosporidium parvum ingested by dung beetles and the possible role these beetles serve in the dissemination of cryptosporidiosis were tested on the following species: Anoplotrupes stercorosus, Aphodius rufus, and Onthophagus fracticornis. Ten specimens of each species were offered cattle dung supplemented with 5.9 x 10(6) oocysts(More)
The genus Halicephalobus consists of eight species of free-living nematodes. Only one species (H. gingivalis) has been reported to infect vertebrates. Human infection is extremely rare, and only four cases have been reported in the literature. These nematodes seem to exhibit neurotropism, but their life cycle, mode of infection, and risk factors are poorly(More)
In October of 2008, an outbreak of trichinellosis occurred in northern California that sickened 30 of 38 attendees of an event at which meat from a black bear was served. Morphologic and molecular testing of muscle from the leftover portion of bear meat revealed that the bear was infected with Trichinella murrelli, a sylvatic species of Trichinella found in(More)