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Influence of calcium, moisture, and pH on structure and functionality of direct-acid, nonfat Mozzarella cheese was studied. Acetic acid and citric acid were used to acidify milk to pH 5.8 and 5.3 with the aim of producing cheeses with 70 and 66% moisture, and 0.6 and 0.3% calcium levels. Cheeses containing 0.3% calcium were softer and more adhesive than(More)
Double-stranded salmon DNA (SDNA) was doped with doxorubicin hydrochloride drug molecules (DOX) to determine the binding between DOX and SDNA, and DOX optimum doping concentration in SDNA. SDNA thin films were prepared with various concentrations of DOX by drop-casting on oxygen plasma treated glass and quartz substrates. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)(More)
A new extraordinary application of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) thin-solid-film was experimentally explored in the field of ultrafast nonlinear photonics. Optical transmission was investigated in both linear and nonlinear regimes for two types of DNA thin-solid-films made from DNA in aqueous solution and DNA-cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTMA) in an(More)
A defectless hexagonal air-silica photonic crystal fiber (PCF) structure with its central hole selectively filled by a low-refractive-index liquid is numerically analyzed. Despite the fact that the refractive index of the liquid is significantly lower than that of silica, we found an optimal range of waveguide parameters to ensure light guidance through the(More)
5'-0-(Dimethoxytrityl)-2'-0-(benzoyl or 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)-base protected ribonucleosides have been prepared by selective benzoylation of the 2'-hydroxyl group. The isomerization of the 2'-benzoates to the 3'-benzoates was studied. The protected ribonucleosides have been converted to either methylphosphochloridites or methylphosphoamidites and used to(More)
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