Bjorn Nicander

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A cDNA of human origin is shown to encode a tRNA isopentenyl transferase (E.C. Expression of the gene in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant lacking the endogenous tRNA isopentenyl transferase MOD5 resulted in functional complementation and reintroduction of isopentenyladenosine into tRNA. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a number of regions(More)
SWEET (MtN3_saliva) domain proteins, a recently identified group of efflux transporters, play an indispensable role in sugar efflux, phloem loading, plant-pathogen interaction and reproductive tissue development. The SWEET gene family is predominantly studied in Arabidopsis and members of the family are being investigated in rice. To date, no transcriptome(More)
The Physcomitrella patens genome has seven genes apparently coding for the isopentenyltransferase type of tRNA-modifying enzyme, while other organisms have one or two. The predicted sequences have parts that differ significantly from other isopentenyltransferases. Only one of the seven (PpIPT1) has earlier been shown to be expressed. We now report(More)
tRNA-isopentenyltransferase (tRNA-IPT) catalyses the addition of N6-isopentenyladenosine (i6A) on residue 37 of tRNA molecules that bind codons starting with uridine. Post-transcriptional modifications of tRNA molecules have been demonstrated to be essential in maintaining the correct reading frame of the translational machinery, thus improving fidelity and(More)
In exponentially growing 3T6 cells, the synthesis of deoxythymidine triphosphate (dTTP) is balanced by its utilization for DNA replication, with a turnover of the dTTP pool of around 5 min. We now investigate the effects of two inhibitors of DNA synthesis (aphidicolin and hydroxyurea) on the synthesis and degradation of pyrimidine deoxynucleoside(More)
The 3H-labeled nucleosides cytidine, deoxycytidine, and thymidine are rapidly incorporated into DNA via dCTP or dTTP pools. Between 30 and 60 min after addition of tracer amounts of a labeled nucleoside to the medium of rapidly growing 3T6 cells, dNTP pools attained a constant specific activity resulting from a steady-state equilibrium between incorporation(More)
Pool sizes of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) in cultured cells are tightly regulated by, the allosteric control of ribonucleotide reductase. We now determine the in situ activity of this enzyme from the turnover of the deoxycytidine triphosphate (dCTP) pool in rapidly growing 3T6 mouse fibroblasts, as well as in cells whose DNA replication(More)
The results reviewed here demonstrate the feasibility of measuring the turnover of pyrimidine dNTPs in cultured cells and of relating such data to rates of DNA synthesis. Growing 3T6 cells appear to contain two kinetically distinct pools of dCTP. One pool is preferentially labeled by reduction of CDP and used for DNA synthesis, the second pool is(More)
Treatment of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells with 2-difluoromethylornithine (F2MeOrn), an enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase, resulted in depleted putrescine and spermidine content, and reduced growth rate. We have previously shown that adenine ribonucleotide levels are substantially increased in these polyamine-depleted cells.(More)
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