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The changing epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) across time and geography suggests that environmental factors play a major role in modifying disease expression. Disease emergence in developing nations suggests that epidemiological evolution is related to westernisation of lifestyle and industrialisation. The strongest environmental(More)
Hospitalisation and surgery are considered to be markers of more severe disease in Crohn's disease. These are costly events and limiting these costs has emerged as one rationale for the cost of expensive biologic therapies. The authors sought to review the most recent international literature to estimate current hospitalisation and surgery rates for Crohn's(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The colectomy rate in ulcerative colitis (UC) is related to morbidity and to treatment decisions made during disease course. The aims of this study were to determine the colectomy risk in UC in the first decade after diagnosis and to identify factors that may influence the choice of surgical treatment. METHODS In 1991-1993, 781 UC(More)
OBJECTIVES:Cumulative 10-yr relapse rates in ulcerative colitis (UC) of 70% to almost 100% have been reported in regional studies. The aim of this study was to determine the relapse rate in UC in a European population-based cohort 10 yr after diagnosis and to identify factors that may influence the risk of relapse.METHODS:From 1991 to 1993, 771 patients(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To determine the occurrence of intestinal and extraintestinal cancers in the 1993-2009 prospective European Collaborative Inflammatory Bowel Disease (EC-IBD) Study Group cohort. PATIENTS-METHODS A physician per patient form was completed for 681 inflammatory bowel disease patients (445UC/236CD) from 9 centers (7 countries) derived from(More)
The purpose of the study was to examine fatigue interference with daily living in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to explore relationships between severe fatigue interference and socio-demographic and clinical variables, including use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Data were collected using self-report questionnaires(More)
In this systematic review we focus on the current use of and knowledge on health related quality of life in unselected, population-based IBD cohorts. We made a systematic literature search and included for comprehensive review papers that described a population-based cohort and that used validated HRQoL instruments. We show that even studies defined by the(More)
BACKGROUND Ulcerative colitis (UC) negatively affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but population-based and long-term data on this topic are scarce. Our aim was to determine the HRQoL in UC patients after a 10-year disease duration. METHODS UC patients from a population-based inception cohort met at a prescheduled 10-year follow-up visit. In(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been increasing in recent decades. Our aim was to determine the proportion of CAM use among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a longitudinal, population-based cohort and to identify predictive factors for CAM use. METHODS The Inflammatory Bowel South-Eastern(More)
The first gene associated with Crohn disease (CD) has been identified as CARD15 (16q12). Three variants, R702W, G908R and 1007fsinsC are strongly and independently associated with the disease. A second gene, conveying a smaller risk for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), has been identified as DLG5 (10q23). We assess the frequency of the CARD15 SNPs and of(More)