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BACKGROUND Immunosuppressive regimens with the fewest possible toxic effects are desirable for transplant recipients. This study evaluated the efficacy and relative toxic effects of four immunosuppressive regimens. METHODS We randomly assigned 1645 renal-transplant recipients to receive standard-dose cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, and(More)
BACKGROUND Liver transplantation is the final therapeutic option for about 10% of patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) who do not respond to medical therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome in serologically defined subgroups of AIH after transplantation. METHODS Pre- and post-transplantation data of 28 patients with AIH(More)
FTY720 is a novel immunomodulator to be developed for use in organ transplantation. The primary objective of this study was to measure safety, single-dose pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics in stable renal transplant patients-the first human use of FTY720. This study used a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design that explored single oral(More)
BACKGROUND Acute rejection is still a major problem in renal transplantation and is one of the most important causes of chronic graft dysfunction and late graft loss. Selective immunosuppression with a humanized antibody against the alpha-chain of the interleukin (IL)-2 receptor (CD25) was evaluated to demonstrate the efficacy of this type of(More)
Liver transplantation represents a successful and well-established therapeutic concept for patients with advanced liver diseases. Organ donor shortage continues to pose a significant problem. To ensure fair and transparent allocation of too few post-mortem grafts, the model of end-stage liver disease (MELD)-based allocation was implemented in December 2006.(More)
PURPOSE Tumor recurrence is the major limitation of long-term survival after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or fibrolamellar carcinoma (FLC). Understanding tumor-biologic characteristics is important for selection of patients and for development of adjuvant therapeutic strategies. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study included 69(More)
BACKGROUND Renal transplantation is the standard of care for patients with end-stage renal disease. Although maintenance immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitors yields excellent one-year survival, it is associated over the long term with high rates of death and graft loss, owing in part to the adverse renal, cardiovascular, and metabolic effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, many centers perform laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (DN). We studied the outcome of donors and recipients following open DN using either flank incision (ODN) or mini-incision (MIDN). METHODS Data of 196 living kidney donors were recorded prospectively. In 127 cases ODN and 69 cases MIDN were performed. RESULTS Demographic details(More)
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated in 10% to 36% of those with hepatobiliary malignancies, which are, in the majority of cases, not known prior to transplantation. Diagnosis of carcinomas in a PSC setting at an early stage has not yet been achieved, because there are no differences in the age of patients or(More)
BACKGROUND Cure of the metabolic defect in primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is possible with liver transplantation (LTx). Preemptive LTx (PLTx) was promoted to prevent chronic kidney disease due to nephrocalcinosis and urolithiasis. However, timing of this procedure is difficult in view of the heterogeneity of PH1 and effective conservative treatment.(More)