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BACKGROUND Modern genotyping platforms permit a systematic search for inherited components of complex diseases. We performed a joint analysis of two genomewide association studies of coronary artery disease. METHODS We first identified chromosomal loci that were strongly associated with coronary artery disease in the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI) are significantly determined by genetic background. Whether distinct angiographic features of CAD are affected by inherited factors has never been investigated. Thus, we analyzed comprehensively the extent to which various aspects of CAD, including disease severity, distribution of(More)
Genetic variants of the arachidonic acid monooxygenase CYP4A11 result in decreased synthesis of 20-hydroxyeicostatetraenoic acid and experimental hypertension. Moreover, in humans, the T8590C polymorphism of CYP4A11 displayed association with arterial hypertension. The aim of the present study was to further investigate this association in a large(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that foods rich in flavonoids might reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of green tea extract (GTE) used as a food antioxidant on markers of oxidative status after dietary depletion of flavonoids and catechins. The study was designed as a 2 x 3(More)
BACKGROUND Even mild renal dysfunction is a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity. We investigated whether sub-threshold microalbuminuria or mildly decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) are related to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the general population. METHODS Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) served to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI) are caused in part by genetic factors. Recently, the MEF2A gene was linked to MI/CAD in a single pedigree with autosomal-dominant pattern of inheritance. In addition, genetic variants within the gene have been associated with MI in case-control settings, producing inconsistent results.(More)
AIMS Recently, we observed in a hypothesis-generating exploratory search on the heritability of coronary morphology that left main coronary disease (LMD) was frequently shared by siblings with coronary artery disease (CAD). Thus, our aims were, first, to test specifically the familial aggregation of LMD and second, to investigate whether LMD is a stronger(More)
AIMS Degenerative aortic valve disease (DAVD), a common finding in the elderly, is associated with an increased risk of death due to cardiovascular causes. Taking advantage of its longitudinal design, this study evaluates the prevalence of DAVD and its temporal associations with long-term exposure to cardiovascular risk factors in the general population. (More)
Data from both experimental models and humans provide evidence that ghrelin and its receptor, the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (ghrelin receptor, GHSR), possess a variety of cardiovascular effects. Thus, we hypothesized that genetic variants within the ghrelin system (ligand ghrelin and its receptor GHSR) are associated with susceptibility to(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in patients with low HDL have suggested that impaired cellular cholesterol efflux is a heritable phenotype increasing atherosclerosis risk. Less is known about the association of macrophage cholesterol efflux with lipid profiles and CAD risk in normolipidemic subjects. We have therefore measured macrophage cholesterol efflux in 142(More)