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UNLABELLED Bone metabolism follows a seasonal pattern with high bone turnover and bone loss during the winter. In a randomized, open-label 2-year sequential follow-up study of 55 healthy adults, we found that supplementation with oral vitamin D3 and calcium during winter abolished seasonal changes in calciotropic hormones and markers of bone turnover and(More)
Recent studies suggest a circannual pattern of bone turnover. To further investigate the underlying mechanisms, 41 healthy subjects (25-80 years old) living in a southwestern German city were studied prospectively over a period of 18 months. Participants were examined every 4 weeks, and blood and urine samples were obtained on each visit. The following(More)
  • B Lemmer
  • 1999
Nearly all functions of the human body are organized across the 24 hours of the day. This is also true for functions involved in the regulation of pharmacokinetics such as gastric absorption and emptying, gastro-intestinal perfusion, and liver and kidney functions. Several clinical studies, performed in a cross-over design, have provided evidence that the(More)
Elite athletes and their coaches are accustomed to international travel for purposes of training or sports competition. Recreational participants are similarly, if less frequently, exposed to travel stress. Transient negative effects that constitute travel fatigue are quickly overcome, whereas longer-lasting difficulties are associated with crossing(More)
Transgenic hypertensive TGR(mREN2)27 (TGR) rats, carrying an additional mouse renin gene, have been found to show inverse circadian blood pressure profiles compared to normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats. In order to evaluate the contributions of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the neurohormone melatonin to cardiovascular circadian regulation in(More)
Study of the chronobiology of allergic rhinitis (AR) and bronchial asthma (BA) and the chronopharmacology and chronotherapy of the medications used in their treatment began five decades ago. AR is an inflammatory disease of the upper airway tissue with hypersensitivity to specific environmental antigens, resulting in further local inflammation, vasomotor(More)
Hypertension is a side effect of systemically administered glucocorticoids, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. Ingestion of dexamethasone by rats telemetrically instrumented increased blood pressure progressively over 7 days. Plasma concentrations of Na(+) and K(+) and urinary Na(+) and K(+) excretion remained constant,(More)
The tone of vascular smooth muscle cells is a primary determinant of the total peripheral vascular resistance and hence the arterial blood pressure. Most forms of hypertension ultimately result from an increased vascular tone that leads to an elevated total peripheral resistance. Regulation of vascular resistance under normotensive and hypertensive(More)
Circadian rhythms in the body are well established and are an important factor to consider when administering drugs. Many diseases display symptoms and onset characteristics that are not randomly distributed within 24 h (e.g., coronary infarction, angina pectoris, asthmatic attacks and peptic ulcer perforations); therefore, it is not surprising that the(More)
Intravenous injections of indocyanine green (ICG) were given to 10 healthy supine subjects at 02.00, 08.00, 14.00 and 20.00 h. ICG plasma half-life, plasma clearance and estimated hepatic blood flow (EHBF), but not volume of distribution, varied significantly with time of day with EHBF being greatest at 08.00 h. This circadian rhythm in EHBF should be(More)