Bjarte Furnes

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Sequence polymorphisms in enzymes involved in drug metabolism have been widely implicated in the differences observed in the sensitivity to various xenobiotics. The flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) gene family in humans catalyzes the monooxygenation of numerous N-, P- and S-containing drugs, pesticides, and environmental toxicants. Six genes (FMO1-6)(More)
The flavin-containing monooxygenase gene family (FMO1-6) in humans encodes five functional isoforms that catalyze the monooxygenation of numerous N-, P- and S-containing drugs and toxicants. A previous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis of FMO1 in African-Americans identified seven novel SNPs. To determine the functional relevance of the coding(More)
To characterize the contribution of the human flavin-containing monooxygenase form 3 (FMO3) in the metabolism and disposition of drugs and xenobiotics, we determined the single nucleotide polymorphisms in the coding region and adjacent splice junctions of FMO3 in 134 African Americans and 120 Caucasians from the United States. In the regions examined, DNA(More)
The cytochrome P450 (P450) and flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) enzymes are the major oxidative enzymes in phase I metabolism. Many organophosphate and carbamate thioether compounds are excellent substrates for these enzymes. Stereoselective sulfoxidation of fenthion and methiocarb by human liver, kidney, and microsomes was investigated. A high level(More)
Previous studies in channel catfish identified a novel cDNA encoding the cytochrome P450 isoform, CYP2X1. To characterize the substrate specificity of CYP2X1, the 57 kDa protein was expressed in Sf9 cells. Microsomes from Sf9 cells transfected with CYP2X1 demonstrated a maximum carbon monoxide-reduced difference spectrum at 450 nm and catalyzed aminopyrine(More)
We analyzed flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) polymorphisms, haplotype structure, and linkage disequilibrium (LD) in 256 Han Chinese and 50 African-American individuals to compare their haplotype frequencies and LD with other world populations. For the Han Chinese, genotyping of three haplotype tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (E158K, V257M, and(More)
The aims of this study were to analyze flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) polymorphisms and allele and genotype frequencies in 256 Han Chinese and 50 African-American individuals, to compare the allele and genotype frequencies of these populations with those of other world populations. For Han Chinese, genotyping of three common single nucleotide(More)
The study of reproductive genetics in mammals has lagged behind that of simpler and more tractable model organisms, such as D. melanogaster, C. elegans and various yeast models. Although much valuable information has been generated using these organisms, they do not model the genetic and biological complexity of mammalian reproduction. Thus, the majority of(More)
Catalytically active human flavin-containing monooxygenase isoform 2 (FMO2.1) is encoded by an allele detected only in individuals of African or Hispanic origin. Genotyping and haplotyping studies indicate that S195L and N413K occasionally occur secondary to the functional FMO2*1 allele encoding reference protein Gln472. Sulfoxygenation under a range of(More)
Previous purification and immunochemical studies in livers of channel catfish indicated the presence of at least four cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2-like isoforms. Sequencing of the first 18 amino acids of one purified form indicated a CYP2 isoform. From this N-terminal sequence and other published CYP2 sequences from fish, primers were designed and a full-length(More)
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