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The structural organization of four microbial communities was analysed by a novel computer program, COMSTAT, which comprises ten features for quantifying three-dimensional biofilm image stacks. Monospecies biofilms of each of the four bacteria, Pseudomonas: putida, P. aureofaciens, P. fluorescens and P. aeruginosa, tagged with the green fluorescent protein(More)
Classication in high-dimensional feature spaces where interpretation and dimension reduction are of great importance is common in biological and medical applications. For these applications standard methods as microarrays, 1D NMR, and spectroscopy have become everyday tools for measuring thousands of features in samples of interest. Furthermore, the samples(More)
Combined modeling of pixel intensities and shape has proven to be a very robust and widely applicable approach to interpret images. As such the active appearance model (AAM) framework has been applied to a wide variety of problems within medical image analysis. This paper summarizes AAM applications within medicine and describes a public domain(More)
The structural organization of microbial communities is influenced by many factors, e.g. nutrient composition, shear stress and temperature. This paper presents a general method for quantitative comparison of biofilm structures and assessment of experimental reproducibility between independent biofilm experiments. By using a novel computer program, COMSTAT,(More)
In this paper, an unsupervised algorithm, called the Independent Histogram Pursuit (IHP), for segmenting dermatological lesions is proposed. The algorithm estimates a set of linear combinations of image bands that enhance different structures embedded in the image. In particular, the first estimated combination enhances the contrast of the lesion to(More)
In this paper, we present a general approach towards image segmentation using the deformable model Active Appearance M o del (AAM) as proposed b y C o otes et al. A priori knowledge is learned through observation of shape and texture variation in a training set and is used to obtain a compact object class description , which can be u s e d t o r apidly(More)
Adaptor and scaffolding proteins determine the cellular targeting, the spatial, and thereby the functional association of G protein-coupled seven-transmembrane receptors with co-receptors, transducers, and downstream effectors and the adaptors determine post-signaling events such as receptor sequestration through interactions, mainly with the C-terminal(More)
Four strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (wild type, Delta(pil)HIJK mutant, lasI mutant, and rpoS mutant) were genetically tagged with the green fluorescent protein, and the development of flow chamber-grown biofilms by each of them was investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The structural developments of the biofilms were quantified by the(More)
MOTIVATION Detection of protein spots in two-dimensional gel electrophoresis images (2-DE) is a very complex task and current approaches addressing this problem still suffer from significant shortcomings. When quantifying a spot, most of the current software applications include a lot of background due to poor segmentation. Other software applications use a(More)