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Antiarrhythmic peptides (AAPs) are a group of compounds with antiarrhythmic properties; however, their use has been hampered by very low plasma stability. The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro and in vivo stability of our new stable AAP analog Ac-d-Tyr-d-Pro-d-Hyp-Gly-d-Ala-Gly-NH2 (ZP123) with the previously described AAP analog AAP10.(More)
The antiarrhythmic and cardioprotective effect of increasing gap junction intercellular communication during ischemia/reperfusion injury has not been studied. The antiarrhythmic peptide rotigaptide (previously ZP123), which maintains gap junction intercellular communication, was tested in dogs subjected to a 60-min coronary artery occlusion and 4 h of(More)
Previous studies suggest that dephosphorylation of connexin43 (Cx43) is related to uncoupling of gap junction communication, which plays an important role in the genesis of ischemia-induced ventricular tachycardia. We studied changes in Cx43 phosphorylation during global ischemia in the absence and presence of the antiarrhythmic peptide analogue rotigaptide(More)
We characterized the novel, rationally designed peptide glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist H-HGEGTFTSDLSKQMEEEAVRLFIEWLKNGGPSSGAPPSK KKKKK-NH2 (ZP10A). Receptor binding studies demonstrated that the affinity of ZP10A for the human GLP-1 receptor was 4-fold greater than the affinity of GLP-1 (7-36) amide. ZP10A demonstrated dose-dependent(More)
Antiarrhythmic peptides such as AAP10 (Gly-Ala-Gly-4Hyp-Pro-Tyr-CONH(2)) have antiarrhythmic properties related to their stimulatory effect on gap junctional coupling. However, most of these peptides are not stable in enzymatic environment which limits studies with these compounds in vivo. ZP123 is a new antiarrhythmic peptide constructed using a(More)
Rotigaptide (3) is an antiarrhythmic peptide that improves cardiac conduction by modifying gap-junction communication. Small molecule gap-junction modifiers with improved physical properties were identified from a Zealand Pharma peptide library using pharmaceutical profiling, established SAR around 3, and a putative pharmacophore model for rotigaptide.(More)
Gap junction pharmacology is a nascent field. Previous studies have identified molecules that enhance intercellular communication, and may offer potential for innovative antiarrhythmic therapy. However, their specific molecular target(s) and mechanism(s) of action remain unknown. Previously, we identified a 34-aa peptide (RXP-E) that binds the carboxyl(More)
BACKGROUND Gap junctions are potential targets for pharmacologic intervention. We previously developed a series of peptide sequences that prevent closure of connexin43 (Cx43) channels, bind to cardiac Cx43, and prevent acidification-induced uncoupling of cardiac gap junctions. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify and validate the minimum(More)
In an effort to discover potent, orally bioavailable compounds for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ventricular tachycardia (VT), we developed a class of gap-junction modifiers typified by GAP-134 (1, R(1)=OH, R(2)=NH(2)), a compound currently under clinical evaluation. Selected compounds with the desired in-vitro profile demonstrated positive(More)
1 This study reports on the pharmacological characterization of ZP120, a novel ligand of the nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) peptide receptor, NOP. ZP120 is a structure inducing probes modified NOP ligand: Zealand Pharma proprietary SIP technology was used to increase the enzymatic stability and half-life of peptide. 2 In vitro, ZP120 mimicked the inhibitory(More)