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The giant sarcomeric protein titin contains a protein kinase domain (TK) ideally positioned to sense mechanical load. We identified a signaling complex where TK interacts with the zinc-finger protein nbr1 through a mechanically inducible conformation. Nbr1 targets the ubiquitin-associated p62/SQSTM1 to sarcomeres, and p62 in turn interacts with MuRF2, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify POLG mutations in patients with sensory ataxia and CNS features. METHODS The authors characterized clinical, laboratory, and molecular genetic features in eight patients from five European families. The authors conducted sequencing of coding exons of POLG, C10orf2 (Twinkle), and ANT1 and analyzed muscle mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA),(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the classification of two previously reported groups of patients with anterior tibial distal dystrophy, to find additional patients with the disease, and to describe the clinical features of this disease. DESIGN National survey of the records of patients with neuromuscular diseases in Finland. Findings of selected patients were(More)
Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT; EC ) catalyzes the reversible synthesis of acetylcholine (ACh) from acetyl CoA and choline at cholinergic synapses. Mutations in genes encoding ChAT affecting motility exist in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila, but no CHAT mutations have been observed in humans to date. Here we report that mutations in CHAT cause a(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare muscle imaging findings in different subtypes of myofibrillar myopathies (MFM) in order to identify characteristic patterns of muscle alterations that may be helpful to separate these genetic heterogeneous muscular disorders. METHODS Muscle imaging and clinical findings of 46 patients with MFM were evaluated (19 desminopathy, 12(More)
We describe 36 patients (six were apparently sporadic cases and 30 were cases from nine families) with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) characterized by a distinct phenotype associated with homozygosity for an Asp90Ala mutation in the CuZn-superoxide dismutase gene. The presenting motor manifestation in all patients was paresis in the legs, with slow(More)
We studied the ultrastructural characteristics in patients with myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) and differentiated between MFM-subtypes using electron microscopic (EM) findings. The ultrastructural findings in 19 patients with different genetically proven MFMs (9 desmin, 5 alphaB-crystallin, 3 ZASP, 2 myotilin) were analyzed. In one ZASPopathy, we additionally(More)
Computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US) and low field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of muscles were performed in 13 patients of a large family with two clinically separate phenotypes of muscular dystrophy. Five patients had severe proximal muscle weakness and wasting like in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Imaging methods showed loss of muscle(More)
OBJECTIVE Description of 8 new ANO5 mutations and significant expansion of the clinical phenotype spectrum associated with previously known and unknown mutations to improve diagnostic accuracy. METHODS DNA samples of 101 patients in 95 kindreds at our quaternary referral center in Finland, who had undetermined limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD), calf(More)
X-linked myopathy with excessive autophagy (XMEA) is a childhood-onset disease characterized by progressive vacuolation and atrophy of skeletal muscle. We show that XMEA is caused by hypomorphic alleles of the VMA21 gene, that VMA21 is the diverged human ortholog of the yeast Vma21p protein, and that like Vma21p it is an essential assembly chaperone of the(More)