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Metastasis underlies the majority of cancer-related deaths. Thus, furthering our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that enable tumor cell dissemination is a vital health issue. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs) endow carcinoma cells with enhanced migratory and survival attributes that facilitate malignant progression. Characterization of(More)
Conventional therapies for primary chronic cold agglutinin disease (CAD) are ineffective, but remissions after treatment with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab have been described in a small, prospective trial and in some case reports. In this study we report on 37 courses of rituximab administered prospectively to 27 patients. Fourteen of 27 patients(More)
Altered growth factor responses in phospho-protein-driven signaling networks are crucial to cancer cell survival and pathology. Profiles of cancer cell signaling networks might therefore identify mechanisms by which such cells interpret environmental cues for continued growth. Using multiparameter flow cytometry, we monitored phospho-protein responses to(More)
Protein phosphatase-directed toxins such as okadaic acid (OA) are general apoptosis inducers. We show that a protein (inhibitor of radiation- and OA-induced apoptosis, Irod/Ian5), belonging to the family of immune-associated nucleotide binding proteins, protected Jurkat T-cells against OA- and gamma-radiation-induced apoptosis. Unlike previously described(More)
Activation of cAMP signalling potently inhibits DNA damage-induced apoptosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells by promoting the turnover of p53 protein. Recently, we showed that the cAMP-induced destabilization of p53 in DNA-damaged cells occurs as a result of enhanced interaction between p53 and HDM2. In this report, we present results showing that(More)
Single-cell proteomics in cancer is evolving and promises to provide more accurate diagnoses based on detailed molecular features of cells within tumors. This review focuses on technologies that allow for collection of complex data from single cells, but also highlights methods that are adaptable to routine cancer diagnostics. Current diagnostics rely on(More)
Myeloid leukemias are a heterogeneous group of diseases originating from bone marrow myeloid progenitor cells. Patients with myeloid leukemias can achieve long-term survival through targeted therapy, cure after intensive chemotherapy or short-term survival because of highly chemoresistant disease. Therefore, despite the development of advanced molecular(More)
Interactions between native human acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) blasts and nonleukemic cells in the bone marrow microenvironment seem important both for disease development chemosensitivity. Native human AML blasts from consecutive patients were cultured with normal human bone marrow stromal cells and two fibroblast lines (HFL1 and Hs27) separated by a(More)
Protein phosphatase-directed toxins such as okadaic acid (OA) are general apoptosis inducers. We show that a protein (inhibitor of radiation-and OA-induced apoptosis, Irod/Ian5), belonging to the family of immune-associated nucleotide binding proteins, protected Jurkat T-cells against OA-and ␥-radiation-induced apoptosis. Unlike previously described(More)
Invasive ovarian cancer is associated with poor outcome. The presence of infiltrating regulatory T-cells (Tregs) suppresses protective anti-tumor immune responses, and their accumulation into the tumor microenvironment correlates with reduced survival in ovarian cancer patients. Here, we conducted a detailed characterization of CD4(+) T-cells, CD8(+)(More)