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Periplasmic chaperone/usher machineries are used for assembly of filamentous adhesion organelles of Gram-negative pathogens in a process that has been suggested to be driven by folding energy. Structures of mutant chaperone-subunit complexes revealed a final folding transition (condensation of the subunit hydrophobic core) on the release of organelle(More)
A systematic study of the linear interaction energy (LIE) method and the possible dependence of its parameterization on the force field and system (receptor binding site) is reported. We have calculated the binding free energy for nine different ligands in complex with P450cam using three different force fields (Amber95, Gromos87, and OPLS-AA). The results(More)
Many biologically active compounds bind to plasma transport proteins, and this binding can be either advantageous or disadvantageous from a drug design perspective. Human serum albumin (HSA) is one of the most important transport proteins in the cardiovascular system due to its great binding capacity and high physiological concentration. HSA has a(More)
The binding of P1 variants of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) to trypsin has been investigated by means of molecular dynamics simulations. The specific interaction formed between the amino acid at the primary binding (P1) position of the binding loop of BPTI and the specificity pocket of trypsin was estimated by use of the linear interaction(More)
Simplified free energy calculations based on force field energy estimates of ligand-receptor interactions and thermal conformational sampling have emerged as a useful tool in structure-based ligand design. Here we give an overview of the linear interaction energy (LIE) method for calculating ligand binding free energies from molecular dynamics simulations.(More)
The association energy upon binding of different amino acids in the specificity pocket of trypsin was evaluated by free energy perturbation calculations on complexes between bovine trypsin (BT) and bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI). Three simulations of mutations of the primary binding residue (P(1)) were performed (P(1)-Ala to Gly, P(1)-Met to Gly(More)
We have studied the effect of point mutations of the primary binding residue (P1) at the protein-protein interface in complexes of chymotrypsin and elastase with the third domain of the turkey ovomucoid inhibitor and in trypsin with the bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, using molecular dynamics simulations combined with the linear interaction energy(More)
A major issue for organisms living at extreme temperatures is to preserve both stability and activity of their enzymes. Cold-adapted enzymes generally have a reduced thermal stability, to counteract freezing, and show a lower enthalpy and a more negative entropy of activation compared to mesophilic and thermophilic homologues. Such a balance of(More)
Metronidazole (MTZ) is an antibiotic commonly used to treat anaerobic bacterial infections in humans and animals. Antibiotic resistance toward this class of 5-nitroimidazole (5-Ni) drug derivatives has been related to the Nim genes thought to encode a reductase. Here we report the biophysical characteristics of the NimA protein from Deinococcus radiodurans(More)