Bjørn Bremnes

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Hrs, an essential tyrosine kinase substrate, has been implicated in intracellular trafficking and signal transduction pathways. The protein contains several distinctive domains, including an N-terminal VHS domain, a phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P)-binding FYVE domain and two coiled-coil domains. Here we have investigated the roles of these(More)
Members of the syntaxin family of integral membrane proteins have recently been implicated as vesicle receptors on target membranes, coresponsible for the specificity of intracellular membrane traffic. So far, only a small number of different mammalian syntaxins have been identified. Here we report the cloning of three new human syntaxin cDNAs, presumably(More)
Rab22a is a small GTPase that is expressed ubiquitously in mammalian tissues and displays the highest sequence homology to Rab5. In BHK-21 cells, overexpression of the wild-type Rab22a caused formation of abnormally large vacuole-like structures containing the early-endosomal antigen EEA1 but not Rab11, a marker of recycling endosomes or the(More)
The effects of endothelin (ET) are mediated via the G protein-coupled receptors ET(A) and ET(B). However, the mechanisms of ET receptor desensitization, internalization, and intracellular trafficking are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of ET receptor regulation and to characterize the intracellular(More)
The nucleotide sequence of chicken invariant chain (Ii) was determined, and the amino acid sequence similarity with human Ii is 61%. Certain regions important for the biological function of human Ii are highly conserved between chicken and mammals. The cytoplasmic tail of chicken Ii fused to the plasma membrane reporter molecule neuraminidase relocated the(More)
The cytosolic tail of the major histocompatibility complex-associated invariant chain protein contains two Leu-based motifs that both mediate efficient sorting to the endocytic pathway. Nuclear magnetic resonance data on a peptide of 27 residues corresponding to the cytosolic tail of human invariant chain indicate that in water at pH 7.4 the membrane distal(More)
Invariant chain (Ii) is a transmembrane protein that associates with the MHC class II molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum. Two regions of the 30 residue cytoplasmic tail of Ii contain sorting information able to direct Ii to the endocytic pathway. The full-length cytoplasmic tail of Ii and the two tail regions were fused to neuraminidase (NA) forming(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-associated invariant chain (Ii) contains signals for transport to endocytic compartments where the class II molecules bind antigenic peptides for presentation to CD4+ T cells. Two leucine-based signals in the Ii cytoplasmic tail can be independently recognized for endosomal sorting of Ii, and we have(More)
BACKGROUND The invariant chain (li) is a transmembrane protein that associates with the major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC II) molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum. The cytosolic tail of li contains two leucine-based sorting motifs and is involved in sorting the MHC II molecules to the endosomal pathway where the peptide antigen is bound. This(More)