Bjørn Bjerkeng

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Some of the most spectacular exaggerated sexual ornaments are carotenoid dependent. It has been suggested that such ornaments have evolved because carotenoid pigments are limiting for both signal expression and in their role as antioxidants and immunostimulants. An implicit assumption of this hypothesis is that males which can afford to produce more(More)
Appearance, pharmacokinetics, and distribution of astaxanthin E/Z and R/S isomers in plasma and lipoprotein fractions were studied in 3 middle-aged male volunteers (37-43 years) after ingestion of a single meal containing a 100 mg dose of astaxanthin. The astaxanthin source consisted of 74% all-E-, 9% 9Z-, 17% 13Z-astaxanthin (3R,3'R-, 3R,3'S; meso-, and(More)
Thomas W. Pike*, Bjørn Bjerkeng, Jonathan D. Blount, Jan Lindström and Neil B. Metcalfe Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical & Life Sciences, Graham Kerr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK; Nofima Marine AS (formerly Akvaforsk, Institute of Aquaculture Research AS), N-6600 Sunndalsøra, Norway; and Centre for(More)
Appearance, pharmacokinetics and distribution of astaxanthin all-E-, 9Z- and 13Z-geometrical and (3R,3'R)-, (3R,3'S)- and (3S,3'S)-optical isomers in plasma fractions were studied in three middle-aged male volunteers (41-50 years) after ingestion of a single meal containing first a 10-mg dose equivalent of astaxanthin from astaxanthin diesters, followed by(More)
Carotenoid compositions of the flesh, skin, and ovaries were determined in sexually maturing and immature Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) fed diets supplemented with astaxanthin (optical isomer ratio (3S,3'S):(3R,3'S; meso):(3R,3'R); 1:2:1). Astaxanthin comprised 64-79% of the flesh carotenoids, and the 3',4'-cis and 3',4'-trans glycolic isomers of(More)
Accumulation of lipids and carotenoids, including 4'-hydroxyechinenone (4'-hydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4-one), growth and condition factor were investigated in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) transferred to seawater as 0+ and 1+ smolts. Salmon were fed a diet with 30 mg/kg astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione) and 30 mg/kg canthaxanthin(More)
P. Andreas Svensson, Christophe Pélabon, Jonathan D. Blount, Elisabet Forsgren, Bjørn Bjerkeng, and Trond Amundsen Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway, Department of Biology, Centre for Conservation Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway, Centre for(More)
The time of appearance in blood, and transport of astaxanthin, and catabolic transformation of astaxanthin to idoxanthin were investigated in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) that had been force-fed a single dose of 14C-astaxanthin. In addition to the LPs, a major protein, associated with radiolabeled astaxanthin was detected. The maximum level of radiolabeled(More)
This investigation examines the influence of implants containing 11-ketotestosterone (11KT), 17β-estradiol (E2), and 3,5,3′-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3) on astaxanthin metabolism in sexually immature individually tagged Arctic charr. The fish (initial average weight 427 g) were maintained in freshwater for 40 days, and weekly implanted intraperitoneally with(More)
Concentrations of all-E-, 9Z- and 13Z- geometrical and (3R,3'R), (3R, 3'S) and (3S,3'S) optical isomers of astaxanthin were determined in rainbow trout liver, gut tissues, kidney, skin and blood plasma to evaluate their body distribution. Two cold-pelleted diets containing predominantly all-E-astaxanthin (36.9 mg/kg astaxanthin, 97% all-E-, 0.4% 9Z-, 1.5%(More)