Bjørg Elisabeth Kilavik

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Since the first descriptions of sensorimotor rhythms by Berger (1929) and by Jasper and Penfield (1949), the potential role of beta oscillations (~13-30 Hz) in the brain has been intensely investigated. We start this review by showing that experimental studies in humans and monkeys have reached a consensus on the facts that sensorimotor beta power is low(More)
Neural processing at most stages of the primate visual system is modulated by selective attention, such that behaviorally relevant information is emphasized at the expenses of irrelevant, potentially distracting information. The form of attention best understood at the cellular level is when stimuli at a given location in the visual field must be selected(More)
We have measured visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to luminance-modulated, square-wave alternating, 3-deg homogeneous disks for stimulus frequencies ranging from 1 Hz to 16.7 Hz. The aim of the study was to determine the range of frequencies at which we could reproduce the two-branched contrast-response (C-R) curves we had seen at 1 Hz (Valberg & Rudvin,(More)
The responses of lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) cells in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) to drifting luminance or cone isolating gratings of different spatial frequencies and contrasts were measured. The response noise, defined as the variability of the responses to single sweeps in the complex plane, was independent of stimulus contrast and(More)
The local field potential (LFP) is a population measure, mainly reflecting local synaptic activity. Beta oscillations (12-40 Hz) occur in motor cortical LFPs, but their functional relevance remains controversial. Power modulation studies have related beta oscillations to a "resting" motor cortex, postural maintenance, attention, sensorimotor binding and(More)
Spike time irregularity can be measured by the coefficient of variation. However, it overestimates the irregularity in the case of pronounced firing rate changes. Several alternative measures that are local in time and therefore relatively rate-independent were proposed. Here we compared four such measures: CV2, LV, IR and SI. First, we asked which measure(More)
The perception of flicker strength in a center stimulus can be affected by the presence of a surrounding stimulus. We correlated this effect with the interactions between centers and surrounds of the receptive fields (RFs) of neurons in the retino-geniculate pathways. The responses of cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of two New World monkey(More)
The responses of marmoset lateral geniculate neurones to stimuli that were composed of a sinusoidally modulating centre stimulus and a surround that was modulated in counterphase were measured. The size of the stimulus centre was varied. These measurements were repeated at different temporal frequencies between 1 and 30 Hz. The response amplitudes and(More)
Catarrhines and platyrrhines, the so-called Old- and New-World anthropoids, have different cone photopigments. Postreceptoral mechanisms must have co-evolved with the receptors to provide trichromatic color vision, and so it is important to compare postreceptoral processes in these two primate groups, both from anatomical and physiological perspectives. The(More)
The planning of goal-directed movements requires sensory, temporal, and contextual information to be combined. Sensorimotor functions are embedded in large neuronal networks, but it is unclear how networks organize their activity in space and time to optimize behavior. Temporal coordination of activity in many neurons within a network, e.g., spike(More)