Björn V. Welin

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Stress-induced accumulation of five (COR47, LTI29, ERD14, LTI30 and RAB18) and tissue localization of four (LTI29, ERD14, LTI30 and RAB18) dehydrins in Arabidopsis were characterized immunologically with protein-specific antibodies. The five dehydrins exhibited clear differences in their accumulation patterns in response to low temperature, ABA and(More)
Glycine betaine is an osmoprotectant found in many organisms, including bacteria and higher plants. The bacterium Escherichia coli produces glycine betaine by a two-step pathway where choline dehydrogenase (CDH), encoded by betA, oxidizes choline to betaine aldehyde which is further oxidized to glycine betaine by the same enzyme. The second step, conversion(More)
We have characterized cDNAs for two new dhn/lea/rab (dehydrin, late embryogenesis-abundant, responsive to ABA)-related genes from Arabidopsis thaliana. The two genes were strongly induced in plants exposed to low temperature (4 °C) and were accordingly designated lti45 and lti30 (low temperature-induced). The lti45 gene product contains the conserved serine(More)
We isolated a dehydrin-like (DHN-like) gene fragment, PpDHNA, from the moss Physcomitrella patens by PCR amplification using degenerate primers directed against conserved amino acid segments of DHNs of higher plants. The full-length cDNA was found to encode a 59.2-kDa glycine-rich protein, DHNA, with typical characteristics of DHNs, including the presence(More)
Two closely related, tandemly arranged, low-temperature- and salt-induced Arabidopsis genes, corresponding to the previously isolated cDNAs RCI2A and RCI2B, were isolated and characterized. The RCI2A transcript accumulated primarily in response to low temperature or high salinity, and to a lesser extent in response to ABA treatment or water deficit stress.(More)
Most organisms naturally accumulating trehalose upon stress produce the sugar in a two-step process by the action of the enzymes trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS) and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP). Transgenic plants overexpressing TPS have shown enhanced drought tolerance in spite of minute accumulation of trehalose, amounts believed to be too(More)
In this study we describe a novel method for purification of Arabidopsis thaliana dehydrins overproduced in Escherichia coli. The cDNAs corresponding to the four dehydrin genes RAB18, LTI29, LTI30, and COR47 were inserted into a bacterial expression vector under an isopropyl beta-d-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) inducible bacterial promoter. After IPTG(More)
We have isolated a 7 kb EcoRI genomic fragment from Arabidopsis thaliana which contains, in a tandem arrangement, two closely related dhn/lea/rab-like genes, lti29 (formerly named lti45) and cor47, corresponding to previously isolated cDNA clones. Both transcripts have been shown to accumulate in response to low temperature (LT), abscisic acid (ABA) and(More)
In several organisms osmotic stress tolerance is mediated by the accumulation of the osmoprotective compound glycine betaine. With the ambition to transfer the betaine biosynthetic pathway into plants not capable of synthesizing this osmoprotectant, the Escherichia coli gene betB encoding the second enzyme in the pathway, betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase was(More)
As a strategy to find efficient lignocellulose degrading enzymes/microorganisms for sugarcane biomass pretreatment purposes, 118 culturable bacterial strains were isolated from intestines of sugarcane-fed larvae of the moth Diatraea saccharalis. All strains were tested for cellulolytic activity using soluble carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) degrading assays or(More)