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BACKGROUND Most patients with glioblastoma are older than 60 years, but treatment guidelines are based on trials in patients aged only up to 70 years. We did a randomised trial to assess the optimum palliative treatment in patients aged 60 years and older with glioblastoma. METHODS Patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma were recruited from Austria,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to investigate whether factors of pregnancy and birth influence the risk of malignancy in the offspring. METHODS Data on all deliveries (248,701 births) in two counties in Sweden 1955-90 were extracted from two birth registries. The follow-up period closed at the end of 1994 and the subjects were followed up to early(More)
In a previous study, a decreased risk for first degree relatives of patients with astrocytoma has been observed for breast and colorectal cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between breast and colorectal cancer as first primary cancer and the risk of developing astrocytoma and meningioma as a second primary cancer. Two cohorts were(More)
PURPOSE To determine the predictive value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in primary node-positive breast cancer (NPBC) after adjuvant endocrine treatment or adjuvant chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS VEGF was quantitatively measured in tumor cytosols from 362 consecutive patients(More)
PURPOSE The prognostic value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein, known to stimulate endothelial growth and angiogenesis, was evaluated in node-negative breast carcinoma (NNBC) and compared with established prognostic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS In 525 consecutive patients with primary invasive NNBC (T1-2N0M0; tumor, node, metastasis(More)
Telomeres are essential for maintaining chromosomal stability. Previous studies have indicated that individuals with shorter blood telomeres may be at higher risk of developing various types of cancer, such as in lung, bladder, and kidney. We have analyzed relative telomere length (RTL) of peripheral blood cells in relation to breast cancer incidence and(More)
The angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) predicts outcome in primary breast carcinoma. Alteration of the p53 gene causes down-regulation of the expression of thrombospondin-1, a natural inhibitor of angiogenesis. This study was conducted to investigate the association between mutant p53 protein and VEGF expression, and the prognostic(More)
There is strong evidence that cancer-associated inflammation promotes tumor growth and progression. This is especially true for colorectal cancer (CRC). Interleukins (ILs) are important modulators for inflammation. We examined whether promoter polymorphisms in key IL genes (IL4, IL4R, IL6, IL8 and IL10) are associated with the risk or clinical outcome of(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) content in 302 consecutive node-negative breast cancer (NNBC) patients treated with only locoregional radiotherapy to relapse free- (RFS) and overall survival (OS). VEGF content in tumour cytosols was measured by an enzymatic immunoassay for the major isoform(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to evaluate the negative predictive value of a low prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for a positive bone scan, we performed a retrospective study in a patient material from the Umea region in Northern Sweden. We also evaluated whether different tumour grades could influence this predictive value. MATERIAL AND METHODS(More)