Björn Skoglund

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An increase in the mechanical fixation in bone of metallic biomaterials is considered advantageous in joint replacement and fracture surgery. Different approaches to improve fixation may be e.g. surface roughening, Ca-mineral coating or surface immobilization of growth factors or drugs. In the present work, bisphosphonate, a class of drugs that inhibit bone(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors inhibit bone repair. HYPOTHESIS Cyclooxygenase inhibitors might also have a negative effect on early tendon repair, although a positive effect on late tendon repair previously has been shown. STUDY DESIGN Controlled laboratory study. METHODS Achilles tendon transection was performed on 80 rats. Sixty rats were(More)
Fluid pressure, instability, or particles have been suggested to initiate the process leading to loosening of prosthetic implants. In a rat model where bone resorption is caused by oscillating fluid pressure, the resorptive response seems much stronger than the response that can be induced by particles or instability. Bone resorption is caused by(More)
This study examines the hypothesis that cartilage-derived morphogenic protein-2 (CDMP-2) can improve tendon healing after surgical repair. We have previously found improved tendon healing by applying CDMP-2 in models for conservative treatment with mechanically loaded Achilles tendon defects in rats and rabbits. In this study, the patellar tendon was(More)
The trauma involved with inserting implants into bone leads to an activation of the inflammatory response and an activation of osteoclasts. In addition, apoptosis of osteocytes in the surrounding area has been implicated in further activation of osteoclasts. If the balance between resorption and bone formation shortly after implantation favours resorption,(More)
Amongst the wear debris particles implicated in the particle hypothesis for prosthetic loosening are polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), and particularly PMMA with barium sulphate contrast agent. Another suggested cause for loosening is hydrostatic pressure. PMMA particles were combined with hydrostatic pressure in a study to investigate whether there could be a(More)
Wear particles commonly used for experiments may carry adherent endotoxin on their surfaces, which may be responsible for the observed effects. In this study, we attached titanium plates to the tibiae of 20 rats. After osseointegration, endotoxin-contaminated or uncontaminated high-density-polyethylene (HDPE) particles were applied. Contaminated specimens(More)
BACKGROUND HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, statins, are widely prescribed to lower cholesterol. High doses of orally administered simvastatin has previously been shown to improve fracture healing in a mouse femur fracture model. In this study, simvastatin was administered either subcutaneously or directly to the fracture area, with the goal of stimulating(More)
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