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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Regeneration of periodontal tissues by EMD remains a major challenge because a number of modifying factors are as yet unknown. The effects of EMD seem to be mediated, at least in part, by bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). This in vitro study was performed to examine whether the effects of EMD on BMP-2 activity are modulated by(More)
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an operation with a high gain in quality of life. However, some patients suffer from pain, limited range of motion, instability, infections or other postoperative complications. Patellofemoral pain (PFP) in particular is a common complication after TKA and is often responsible for revision surgery. In particular increasing(More)
INTRODUCTION The importance of mechanical signals in normal and inflamed cartilage is well established. Chondrocytes respond to changes in the levels of proinflammatory cytokines and mechanical signals during inflammation. Cytokines like interleukin (IL)-1beta suppress homeostatic mechanisms and inhibit cartilage repair and cell proliferation. However,(More)
Cartilage repair strategies increasingly focus on the in vitro development of cartilaginous tissues that mimic the biological and mechanical properties of native articular cartilage. However, current approaches still face problems in the reproducible and standardized generation of cartilaginous tissues that are both biomechanically adequate for joint(More)
Implant positioning and knee alignment are two primary goals of successful unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. This prospective study outlines the radiographic results following 32 patient-specific unicompartmental medial resurfacing knee arthroplasties. By means of standardized pre- and postoperative radiographs of the knee in strictly AP and lateral view,(More)
PURPOSE Computer-assisted knee surgery has become established in routine clinical practice. Still, there is no study investigating midterm clinical outcome after five to seven years postoperatively. We aimed to test the hypothesis that there is no difference either for subjective [Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) scores] or for objective(More)
Replicative senescence has a major impact on function and integrity of cell preparations. This process is reflected by continuous DNA methylation (DNAm) changes at specific CpG dinucleotides in the course of in vitro culture, and such modifications can be used to estimate the state of cellular senescence for quality control of cell preparations. Still, it(More)
Bone cells and their precursors are sensitive to changes in their biomechanical environment. The importance of mechanical stimuli has been observed in bone homeostasis and osteogenesis, but the mechanisms responsible for osteogenic induction in response to mechanical signals are poorly understood. We hypothesized that compressive forces could exert an(More)
An increase in interstitial fluid is an expression of bone marrow edema (BME) and osteonecrosis (ON). The exact pathogenetic processes still remain unknown. Treatment options are mainly symptomatic with core decompression as surgical golden standard with immediate pain relief. Recently, it has been shown that intravenous iloprost can be used to achieve a(More)
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an evolving imaging technology allowing non-destructive imaging of cartilage tissue at near-histological resolution. This study investigated the diagnostic value of real time 3-D OCT in comparison to conventional 2-D OCT in the comprehensive grading of human cartilage degeneration. Fifty-three human osteochondral(More)