Björn M van Geel

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X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is caused by mutations in the ABCD1 gene, which encodes a peroxisomal ABC half-transporter (ALDP) involved in the import of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) into the peroxisome. The disease is characterized by a striking and unpredictable variation in phenotypic expression. Phenotypes include the rapidly progressive(More)
Our objective was to study the phenotype evolution of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) and the relation between axonal degeneration and cerebral demyelination. Although different X-ALD phenotypes are recognized, little is known about their evolution. Neuropathological and electrophysiological studies have shown that X-ALD is a disease with mixed(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is the most common peroxisomal disorder. The disease is caused by mutations in the ABCD1 gene that encodes the peroxisomal membrane protein ALDP which is involved in the transmembrane transport of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA; ≥ C22). A defect in ALDP results in elevated levels of VLCFA in plasma and tissues. The(More)
X linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is an inherited disorder of peroxisomal metabolism, biochemically characterised by accumulation of saturated very long chain fatty acids. Accumulation of these fatty acids is associated with cerebral demyelination, peripheral nerve abnormalities, and adrenocortical and testicular insufficiency. The lowest estimated(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the frequency of additional cerebral demyelination in Dutch patients with adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN). METHODS Consecutive patients with AMN from the Dutch X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy cohort without cerebral demyelination on MRI at inclusion, seen between January 1, 1992, and January 1, 1999, were included. Primary endpoints were(More)
Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) is one of the most frequent phenotypes of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. Whether the polyneuropathy in AMN results from primary demyelination or axonal degeneration is uncertain. We examined 23 patients (18 men with AMN and five female carrier with AMN symptomatology), performed electroneurography and EMG, and compared our(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) has been associated with mutations in a gene encoding an ATP-binding transporter, which is located in the peroxisomal membrane. Deficiency of the gene leads to impaired peroxisomal beta-oxidation. Systematic analysis of the open reading frame of the ALD gene, using reverse transcriptase-PCR, followed by direct sequencing,(More)
OBJECTIVES X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is an inherited disorder of peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation, biochemically characterised by the accumulation of saturated very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), particularly hexacosanoic acid (C26:0). Dietary treatment with a 4:1 mixture of glyceroltrioleate and glyceroltrierucate ("Lorenzo's oil") normalises(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is characterized by central nervous system demyelination, and impaired steroidogenesis in the adrenal cortex and testis. Most patients develop adrenocortical insufficiency. We studied retrospectively the frequency and severity of testicular dysfunction in 26 men with X-ALD. Twenty-one had adrenomyeloneuropathy and five(More)