Björn E Cedervall

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Different methods were used for evaluating data for DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), as obtained by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) after X irradiation of Chinese hamster ovary cells. A total of 60 data points in the dose range of 0 to 116 Gy, along with repair data for 30 and 60 Gy, were analyzed by four methods: (1) percentage of DNA released from(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis has been applied to separate DNA from mouse L1210 cells exposed to X-ray doses of 1 to 50 Gy. Simultaneous separation of marker chromosomes in the range 0.1 to 12.6 Mbp allowed calculation of the size distribution of the radiation-induced fragments. The distribution was consistent with a random induction of double-strand(More)
The induction of DNA strand breaks in human diploid fibroblasts (VH-10) was demonstrated after in vitro exposure with two carcinogenic epoxides, propylene oxide (PO) and epichlorohydrin (ECH). Alkaline DNA unwinding (ADU), pulsed field gel electropharosis (PFGE), and the comet assay were used to measure DNA single. (SSBs) and double-strand breaks (DSBs). A(More)
The aim of this work was to measure simultaneously and in a quantitative manner double-strand breaks (DSBs), interphase chromosome breaks and cell lethality either immediately after irradiation, or at various times thereafter (up to 24 h), in cells of three nontransformed human fibroblast cell lines of widely different intrinsic radiosensitivity. We wished(More)
In vitro exposure of normal human diploid fibroblasts (strain VH-10) to ethylene oxide (EtO) induced DNA strand breaks in the dose range of 2.5-30 mMh of EtO. Alkaline DNA unwinding (ADU), neutral filter elution (NFE), pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and the comet assay were used to measure DNA single (SSBs) and double strand breaks (DSBs).(More)
For a given amount of cell killing, heat alone (10-80 min, 45.5 degrees C) induced very few double-strand breaks (dsbs) compared with X-rays. Furthermore, 10 min at 45.5 degrees C immediately prior to X-rays caused only a 1.3-fold increase in the slope of the X-ray-induced dsb dose-response curve, i.e. 0.67 +/- 0.006 (95% confidence) dsbs/100Mbp/Gy for(More)
The repair kinetics of DNA single- and double-strand breaks (SSBs, DSBs) induced with two carcinogenic epoxides, propylene oxide (PO) and epichlorohydrin (ECH), was studied in human diploid fibroblasts. The methods used were: alkaline DNA unwinding (ADU), the comet assay, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). About 70% of SSBs, measured by ADU, were(More)
The aim of this article is to characterize expressions of relevance to the interpretation of pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) experiments where randomly distributed double-strand breaks (DSBs) are detected as smears of DNA fragments. Specifically, equations for conversion of percentages of fragments in defined size ranges to DSBs were derived.(More)
A common way to use pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) for measuring the induction and repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in mammalian cells is by using the fraction of total DNA released, FR, from the plug. We have analyzed the general relationship between initial chromosome sizes and FR. It is shown that, because of the difference in initial(More)
Internucleosomal DNA fragmentation (DNA laddering) and formation of apoptotic bodies have long been considered characteristic features of apoptosis. However, recent work has shown that formation of high molecular weight DNA fragments precedes internucleosomal cleavage and may involve mechanisms that differ from those responsible for DNA laddering. Here, we(More)