Björn Christian Frye

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Loss of a critical number of podocytes from the glomerular tuft leads to glomerulosclerosis. Even in health, some podocytes are lost into the urine. Because podocytes themselves cannot regenerate, we postulated that glomerular parietal epithelial cells (PECs), which proliferate throughout life and adjoin podocytes, may migrate to the glomerular tuft and(More)
Y-box protein (YB)-1 of the cold-shock protein family functions in gene transcription and RNA processing. Extracellular functions have not been reported, but the YB-1 staining pattern in inflammatory glomerular diseases, without adherence to cell boundaries, suggests an extracellular occurrence. Here, we show the secretion of YB-1 by mesangial and monocytic(More)
BACKGROUND Notch receptors are involved in kidney development and pathogenesis of inflammatory glomerular diseases. Given the secretion of Y-box (YB) protein-1 following cytokine stimulation and subsequent extracellular association with membrane receptor Notch-3 in vitro, we elucidated functional effects of YB-1 targeting on the Notch-3 signaling pathway.(More)
The multifunctional DNA- and RNA-associated Y-box protein 1 (YB-1) specifically binds to splicing recognition motifs and regulates alternative splice site selection. Here, we identify the arginine/serine-rich SRp30c protein as an interacting protein of YB-1 by performing a two-hybrid screen against a human mesangial cell cDNA library. Co-immunoprecipitation(More)
The Y-box protein-1 (YB-1) belongs to the family of cold shock proteins that have pleiotropic functions such as gene transcription, RNA splicing, and mRNA translation. YB-1 has a critical role in atherogenesis due to its regulatory effects on chemokine CCL5 (RANTES) gene transcription in vascular smooth muscle cells. Since CCL5 is a key mediator of kidney(More)
INTRODUCTION Expression of hepatobiliary transporters is decreased during endotoxemia. Reduction of Mrp2 is mediated by IL-1β-dependent signals but underlying mechanisms are still unclear. YB-1 is a predominantly cytoplasmic protein that translocates to the nucleus in response to various stimuli. Previously we have shown that YB-1 down-regulates Mrp2(More)
The immunosuppressive calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) cyclosporine A (CsA) and tacrolimus are widely used in transplant organ recipients, but in the kidney allograft, they may cause tubulointerstitial as well as mesangial fibrosis, with TGF-β believed to be a central inductor. In this study, we report that the cold-shock protein Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1)(More)
Y-box (YB) protein-1 is secreted by mesangial and immune cells after cytokine challenge, but extracellular functions are unknown. Here, we demonstrate that extracellular YB-1 associates with outer cell membrane components and interacts with extracellular Notch-3 receptor domains. The interaction appears to be specific for Notch-3, as YB-1-green fluorescent(More)
Hypoxia-dependent gene regulation is largely orchestrated by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), which associate with defined nucleotide sequences of hypoxia-responsive elements (HREs). Comparison of the regulatory HRE within the 3' enhancer of the human erythropoietin (EPO) gene with known binding motifs for cold shock protein Y-box (YB) protein-1 yielded(More)