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We analyze the absorption of solar radiation by silicon nanowire arrays, which are being considered for photovoltaic applications. These structures have been shown to have enhanced absorption compared with thin films, however the mechanism responsible for this is not understood. Using a new, semi-analytic model, we show that the enhanced absorption can be… (More)
A finite element-based modal formulation of diffraction of a plane wave by an absorbing photonic crystal slab of arbitrary geometry is developed for photovoltaic applications. The semianalytic approach allows efficient and accurate calculation of the absorption of an array with a complex unit cell. This approach gives direct physical insight into the… (More)
Aperiodic Nanowire (NW) arrays have higher absorption than equivalent periodic arrays, making them of interest for photovoltaic applications. An inevitable property of aperiodic arrays is the clustering of some NWs into closer proximity than in the equivalent periodic array. We focus on the modes of such clusters and show that the reduced symmetry… (More)
We investigate the optical properties of silicon nanohole arrays for application in photovoltaic cells in terms of the modes within the structure. We highlight three types of modes: fundamental modes, important at long wavelengths; guided resonance modes, which enhance absorption for wavelengths where the intrinsic absorption of silicon is low; and… (More)
The combination of purely numerical methods, such as the finite element method, with an analytical treatment can lead to a powerful semi-analytical technique. We present such a technique, which combines the finite element method with a modal approach, with a focus on the modeling three-dimensional photonic structures.
The guided mode resonances (GMRs) of diffraction gratings surrounded by low index materials can be designed to produce broadband regions of near perfect reflection and near perfect transmission. These have many applications, including in optical isolators, in hybrid lasers cavities and in photovoltaics. The excitation of rapid GMRs occurs in a background of… (More)